The effect of seawater desalination on the characteristics of treated effluents and potential reuse in the Gaza Strip

Other Title(s)

تأثير تحلية مياه البحر على خصائص المياه العادمة المعالجة و آفاق إعادة الاستخدام في قطاع غزة

Dissertant

al-Manaimah, Ahmad Jihad Ahmad

Thesis advisor

al-Najjar, Husam Muhammad

University

Islamic University

Faculty

Faculty of Engineering

Department

Department of Civil Engineering

University Country

Palestine (Gaza Strip)

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2019

English Abstract

Gaza Strip suffers from water crisis due to the scarcity of water resources and the substantial increase of the population, which led to increasing the demand for water by all sectors including residential, industrial and agricultural.

For a long time, the supply of fresh water to the population in Gaza depends overwhelmingly on the groundwater, causing the intrusion of seawater to groundwater and increasing the salinity in several areas.

Therefore, the Palestinian Water Authority proposed other alternate sources; one of them is the seawater desalination.

The desalination was planned to supply 13 MCM/y as short term measures that will be followed by long term measures that increasing these quantities to 55 MCM/y in the first phase, up to 110 MCM/y capacity in the second phase.

The study aimed to identify the effects of seawater desalination on the treated effluents and assess the potential improvements in wastewater reuse in the Gaza Strip.

According to the plans, an estimation was made for the future domestic water salinity, which will be reflected on the quality of wastewater treatment plant effluents, that will achieve significant improvements in the treated wastewater salinity.

The estimation was made for the salinity of the NGEST effluent as a sample, which was estimated by around 755, 493 & 658 mg/l for years 2025, 2030 & 2035, respectively.

This makes the ability to plant sensitive salinity horticultural crops.

Evaluation for the effluents of intermediate and regional wastewater treatment plants was made and concluded to the ability to use the effluents for the regional plants.

The main horticultural crops need in Gaza Strip for years 2025,2030 & 2035 were calculated and the required agricultural lands were proposed.

The distribution of crops on the proposed lands was made according to the areas famous for crops planting.

Also, the available produced treated wastewater was considered.

The self-sufficiency for the main horticultural crops was considered in the next years and the proposed of cultivated areas will be 76,545 & 87,878 & 100,890 dunums for the years 2025, 2030 & 2035, respectively.

Also, the treated effluents will be used by 96.4%, 78.77 % & 73.71% from the produced quantities for the years 2025, 2030 & 2035, respectively.

The study recommended searching the ability of irrigation of new crops from the remaining treated wastewater quantities.

Also, the related authorities should take actions to reserve agricultural lands without changes.

Main Topic

Civil Engineering

Topics

No. of Pages

103

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

Chapter One : Introduction.

Chapter Two : Literature review.

Chapter Three : Study area.

Chapter Four : Methodology.

Chapter Five : Results and discussion.

Chapter Six : Conclusions and recommendations.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Manaimah, Ahmad Jihad Ahmad. (2019). The effect of seawater desalination on the characteristics of treated effluents and potential reuse in the Gaza Strip. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University, Palestine (Gaza Strip)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-903707

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Manaimah, Ahmad Jihad Ahmad. The effect of seawater desalination on the characteristics of treated effluents and potential reuse in the Gaza Strip. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University. (2019).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-903707

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Manaimah, Ahmad Jihad Ahmad. (2019). The effect of seawater desalination on the characteristics of treated effluents and potential reuse in the Gaza Strip. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University, Palestine (Gaza Strip)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-903707

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-903707