Assessment of water affordability based on emerged desalination plant in Rafah city

Other Title(s)

تقييم القدرة على تحمل تكاليف المياه على أساس محطات التحلية الموجودة في مدينة رفح

Dissertant

Shanan, Ala al-Din Muhammad Mahmud

Thesis advisor

al-Astal, Khalil Mahmud
Abu Habib, Azzam Ahmad

University

Islamic University

Faculty

Faculty of Engineering

Department

Department of Civil Engineering

University Country

Palestine (Gaza Strip)

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2019

English Abstract

Water is right for all, and therefore must be available for all people, poor and rich, on the other hand, it is fair and equality that all households are able to afford the water consumed, and this is the main goal when making the pricing policy of water, and make it affordable to ensure the financial sustainability of their providers. The objective of this work is to assess the water situation in Rafah city in terms of water affordability by the households by knowing the proportion of monthly water bills’ costs from the monthly income of the households in Rafah city and compare this proportion with international standards of water affordability. Data have been collected from several reliable sources on the quantities of annual water production and consumption over the past years. Also, a questionnaire was distributed to 380 households in different areas of Rafah, where obtained on data about monthly household income and the number of household members, as well as the quantity of consumption and other important data for research. Then, calculate the proportion of the cost of water bills of total household income on the households and municipality level, which is called the index of affordability of water The results showed that there is a big problem in the index of the affordability of water and per capita water from the year of 2017 up to now. On the households and municipality level, the results also showed that the proportion of the cost of the water bill out of total household income exceeded 2.8%, which is a large percentage compared to international standards that recommended by the majority of countries and international organization not to exceed the ratio of more than 2.8% at the rate of consumption (100-120) liters per day per capita. The study recommended that the government and relevant organizations should consider the results of the study to improve this percentage by carrying the burden of part of the water bill on the households

Main Topic

Civil Engineering

No. of Pages

171

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

Chapter One : Introduction.

Chapter Two : Study area.

Chapter Three : Literature review.

Chapter Four : Methodology.

Chapter Five : Results and discussion.

Chapter Six : Conclusions and recommendations.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Shanan, Ala al-Din Muhammad Mahmud. (2019). Assessment of water affordability based on emerged desalination plant in Rafah city. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University, Palestine (Gaza Strip)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-903768

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Shanan, Ala al-Din Muhammad Mahmud. Assessment of water affordability based on emerged desalination plant in Rafah city. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University. (2019).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-903768

American Medical Association (AMA)

Shanan, Ala al-Din Muhammad Mahmud. (2019). Assessment of water affordability based on emerged desalination plant in Rafah city. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University, Palestine (Gaza Strip)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-903768

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-903768