Anti-bacterial activity, level of cytotoxicity and chemical constituents of essential oil of lemongrass under three different artificial growth conditions

Joint Authors

al-Dhawwadi, Salwa
Balachandran, Rima
Naz, Sana
Basharat, Muhammad
Abu Sidu, Khulud F.
Taha, Ahmad
Salih, Ahmad
Perna, Simone

Source

Bahrain Medical Bulletin

Issue

Vol. 42, Issue 2 (30 Jun. 2020), pp.93-97, 5 p.

Publisher

King Hamad University Hospital

Publication Date

2020-06-30

Country of Publication

Bahrain

No. of Pages

5

Main Topic

Medicine

Abstract EN

Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial activity of Essential Oils (EO) extracted from Lemongrass (LG) (Cymbopogon citratus, stapf.) against a broad range of food pathogens. Design: Experimental Study In Vitro. Setting: University of Bahrain, Bahrain. Method: EO from LG were extracted by hydrodistillation and their chemical composition were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. These EO were tested for antibacterial activity against gram-negative and positive bacteria in three different agricultural growth media. The cytotoxicity of the EO extracts of LG was tested using the Brine Shrimp Test (BST) method. Result: The EO pooled mixture exhibited significant antibacterial activity against all the bacterial test strains (p>0.05); the most significant was against P. Vulgaris with 17–24 mm inhibition zone in the diffusion test (p>0.001). EO yield for sodium and phosphorus was detected in compost, 1.9% and 0.6%, respectively. For potassium, the highest level was detected for hydroponic (3.2%) and sodium the highest level for sand (1.8%). Conclusion: The LG oil revealed significant antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and negative bacterial strains due to the presence of diverse chemical components.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Taha, Ahmad& al-Dhawwadi, Salwa& Balachandran, Rima& Salih, Ahmad& Naz, Sana& Perna, Simone…[et al.]. 2020. Anti-bacterial activity, level of cytotoxicity and chemical constituents of essential oil of lemongrass under three different artificial growth conditions. Bahrain Medical Bulletin،Vol. 42, no. 2, pp.93-97.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957979

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Taha, Ahmad…[et al.]. Anti-bacterial activity, level of cytotoxicity and chemical constituents of essential oil of lemongrass under three different artificial growth conditions. Bahrain Medical Bulletin Vol. 42, no. 2 (Jun. 2020), pp.93-97.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957979

American Medical Association (AMA)

Taha, Ahmad& al-Dhawwadi, Salwa& Balachandran, Rima& Salih, Ahmad& Naz, Sana& Perna, Simone…[et al.]. Anti-bacterial activity, level of cytotoxicity and chemical constituents of essential oil of lemongrass under three different artificial growth conditions. Bahrain Medical Bulletin. 2020. Vol. 42, no. 2, pp.93-97.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957979

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 96-97

Record ID

BIM-957979