Students environment and its relationship to forms of school violence Baghdad, 2017

Other Title(s)

بيئة الطالب و علاقتها بأشكال العنف المدرسي

Parallel Title

بيئة الطالب و علاقتها بأشكال العنف المدرسي

Joint Authors

al-Rudayni, Riyad Shaltagh
al-Attar, Intizar Ibrahim
Idan, Imad Khazal

Source

The Journal of Psychological Sciences

Issue

Vol. 31, Issue 2 (30 Jun. 2020), pp.281-298, 18 p.

Publisher

Baghdad University Educational Studies and Psychological Research Center (Previously) / Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research Psychological Research Center (Currently 2019)

Publication Date

2020-12-31

Country of Publication

Iraq

No. of Pages

18

Main Topic

Psychology

Topics

Abstract EN

Background: Violence means the use of physical force or power against another person, group, or community, with the behavior likely to cause harm.

school violence is a broader public health problem, there is an evidence that physical, psychological and sexual abuse are increasing exponentially throughout the world.

The study aims to estimate the various forms of school violence in the experience of students regularly attending public schools and their association to the students‟ environment.

Method: A cross-sectional study with a random sample group of 1080 children of both sexes in the selected 4th, 5th and 6th class from 9 public primary schools in 3 directorates of education, Baghdad/ Al-Rusafa.

A self-assessment questionnaire was administered according to Child Abuse Screening Tool Version (ICAST-C) and additional information for the child home, neighborhood and school environment.

The types of violence analyzed were abuses of physical, psychological and sexual nature.

All students were informed about the privacy, confidentiality and the voluntary nature of the study.

Results: Children were exposed to high prevalence (55%) of psychological violence, 48% of physical and 6% violence of a sexual nature.

It was significantly correlated to their environment (school, family, and neighborhood), where the majority of schools had no awareness materials to prevent violence, with about half of schools had no a suitable playground, a school garden, a real article lesson, and a real sports lessons.

More than half of the children exposed to violence inside the home, TV viewing of violent scenes, playing with violent games.

A third of them felt insecure, vulnerable to violence outside school and fifth of them felt insecure, vulnerable to violence inside the school.

Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of various forms of violence related to school, family, and neighborhood environment of children, that taking into consideration when developing strategies to reduce it.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Rudayni, Riyad Shaltagh& al-Attar, Intizar Ibrahim& Idan, Imad Khazal. 2020. Students environment and its relationship to forms of school violence Baghdad, 2017. The Journal of Psychological Sciences،Vol. 31, no. 2, pp.281-298.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-973365

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Rudayni, Riyad Shaltagh…[et al.]. Students environment and its relationship to forms of school violence Baghdad, 2017. The Journal of Psychological Sciences Vol. 31, no. 2 (Jun. 2020), pp.281-298.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-973365

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Rudayni, Riyad Shaltagh& al-Attar, Intizar Ibrahim& Idan, Imad Khazal. Students environment and its relationship to forms of school violence Baghdad, 2017. The Journal of Psychological Sciences. 2020. Vol. 31, no. 2, pp.281-298.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-973365

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 296-298

Record ID

BIM-973365