Cigarette smoking and serum level of vitamin d among older adults
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Background : Vitamin D has different biological actions in the body.
Vitamin D has pleiotropic effects in multiple organ systems.
Vitamin D deficiency has been found to have an inverse relationship with tobacco smoking.
Objective : The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of Vitamin D level and its correlates with tobacco smoking among old adults in al‑Hilla city, Babylon Province.
Methods : A cross‑sectional study was conducted on a sample of old adults, both males and females, who were selected from dwellers in community of al‑Hilla city, Babylon Province, Iraq, during the period from January to August 2019.
A pretested questionnaire was used for data collection adopted from previous standard national surveys and studies, and the questionnaire included information about sociodemographic characteristics and cigarette smoking habit.
Result s: The study included 300 participants, and most of them had either insufficiency or deficiency of Vitamin D level (84 %).
Tobacco cigarette smoking elders had a significantly low serum Vitamin D level (both deficiency and insufficiency) as compared to the nonsmoker group (P < 0.05).
Conclusion : There was a significant inverse relationship between Vitamin D level and tobacco cigarette smoking.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Jawad, Ismail Hasan& Baii, Hasan Ulwan. 2020. Cigarette smoking and serum level of vitamin d among older adults. Medical Journal of Babylon،Vol. 17, no. 3, pp.267-271.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Jawad, Ismail Hasan& Baii, Hasan Ulwan. Cigarette smoking and serum level of vitamin d among older adults. Medical Journal of Babylon Vol. 17, no. 3 (Jul. / Sep. 2020), pp.267-271.
American Medical Association (AMA)
Jawad, Ismail Hasan& Baii, Hasan Ulwan. Cigarette smoking and serum level of vitamin d among older adults. Medical Journal of Babylon. 2020. Vol. 17, no. 3, pp.267-271.
Includes bibliographical references : p. 270-271