Environmental assessment of groundwater in Najaf Governorate (Iraq)‎ for irrigation purposes

Joint Authors

al-Bahrani, Husayn S.
Abbas, Zaynab D.
al-Yasiri, Insaf J.

Source

Kufa Journal of Engineering

Issue

Vol. 11, Issue 4 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.46-57, 12 p.

Publisher

University of Kufa Faculty of Engineering

Publication Date

2020-12-31

Country of Publication

Iraq

No. of Pages

12

Main Topic

Earth Science , Water and Environment
Agriculture

Topics

Abstract EN

Middle East has suffered from drought since many decades because of climate changes ; therefore, surface water has become scarce in many countries such as Iraq.

It seems, in general that groundwater is the alternative best solution to cover the lack in water requirements of domestic, agriculture, and industry.

In this study, environmental assessment was carried out for 29 wells in Najaf Governorate to evaluate their water suitability for irrigation use.

This bases on comparison between 8 water quality parameters with their limitations at Food and Agriculture Organization guideline (FAO) beside British Colombia guideline (BC), the parameters are: nickel, chromium, lead, zinc, cadmium, sulfates, hydrogen power (pH), and total dissolved solids.

The study outcome clarifies that there are only 4 wells have suitable water for irrigation use, the others have at least one parameter not applicable with the international guidelines of FAO and BC, which are probably not appropriate for irrigation.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Bahrani, Husayn S.& Abbas, Zaynab D.& al-Yasiri, Insaf J.. 2020. Environmental assessment of groundwater in Najaf Governorate (Iraq) for irrigation purposes. Kufa Journal of Engineering،Vol. 11, no. 4, pp.46-57.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-978873

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Bahrani, Husayn S.…[et al.]. Environmental assessment of groundwater in Najaf Governorate (Iraq) for irrigation purposes. Kufa Journal of Engineering Vol. 11, no. 4 (2020), pp.46-57.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-978873

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Bahrani, Husayn S.& Abbas, Zaynab D.& al-Yasiri, Insaf J.. Environmental assessment of groundwater in Najaf Governorate (Iraq) for irrigation purposes. Kufa Journal of Engineering. 2020. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp.46-57.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-978873

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 56-57

Record ID

BIM-978873