Integrated Approach to Hydrogeochemical Appraisal and Quality Assessment of Groundwater from Sargodha District, Pakistan

Joint Authors

Shah, Munir H.
Siddique, Jamil
Menggui, Jin
Shahab, Asfandyar
Rehman, Faisal
Rasool, Umair

Source

Geofluids

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-15, 15 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-12-29

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

15

Main Subjects

Physics

Abstract EN

Hydrochemical characteristics and aquifer properties present a better understanding of the mitigation of groundwater pollution, which has become one of the leading environmental concerns and threats to the sustainable ecosystem.

Seventy-seven groundwater samples were collected from Sargodha District (Pakistan) and characterized for their physical and chemical properties.

The analytical data were processed for the evaluation of the processes that control the groundwater chemistry using various drinking and agricultural indices with statistical and hydrochemical modeling.

The predominant hydrochemical type was found to be Ca-HCO3 type, followed by Na-HCO3 and Mg-Ca-Cl types.

The present study showed that the main factors controlling the groundwater chemistry were the prevalent rock dominance alongside the weathering of silicates, solubilization of carbonates, and cation exchange processes.

Entropy water quality index (EWQI) revealed that 6.51% represented “poor water,” while 7.79% were considered “extremely poor” for drinking purposes.

However, USSL classification, Wilcox diagram, and other agricultural indices (RCS, SAR, %Na, MH, PI, and PS) showed that the majority of the samples were classified as suitable for irrigation purpose.

However, 16% of the samples for %Na and 24% of the samples for MH were not suitable for agricultural purposes.

Overall, the groundwater quality was affected by the anthropogenic stress in the study area.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Siddique, Jamil& Menggui, Jin& Shah, Munir H.& Shahab, Asfandyar& Rehman, Faisal& Rasool, Umair. 2020. Integrated Approach to Hydrogeochemical Appraisal and Quality Assessment of Groundwater from Sargodha District, Pakistan. Geofluids،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-15.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1160064

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Shah, Munir H.…[et al.]. Integrated Approach to Hydrogeochemical Appraisal and Quality Assessment of Groundwater from Sargodha District, Pakistan. Geofluids No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-15.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1160064

American Medical Association (AMA)

Siddique, Jamil& Menggui, Jin& Shah, Munir H.& Shahab, Asfandyar& Rehman, Faisal& Rasool, Umair. Integrated Approach to Hydrogeochemical Appraisal and Quality Assessment of Groundwater from Sargodha District, Pakistan. Geofluids. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-15.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1160064

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-1160064