Subjective Proximity to Green Spaces and Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN-V Study

Joint Authors

Abbasi, Behzad
Pourmirzaei, Mohammadali
Hariri, Sanam
Heshmat, Ramin
Qorbani, Mostafa
Dadvand, Payam
Kelishadi, Roya

Source

Journal of Environmental and Public Health

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-8, 8 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-12-11

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

8

Main Topic

Public Health
Medicine

Abstract EN

Evidence favoring a beneficial association between greenness and blood pressure (BP) in adults is accumulating.

However, children and adolescents have been understudied accordingly.

Methodologically, the data on “exposure” to residential green spaces are commonly satellite-derived, including rare existing studies on the relationship between proximity to green spaces and BP in children.

Despite perfectly obliterating subjective biases, remote sensing methods of greenness data collection fail to address pragmatic interaction with such settings.

This study aimed to assess the relationship between subjective proximity to green spaces and average/elevated BP in children.

Through our study, systolic and diastolic BPs of 12,340 schoolchildren living in CASPIAN-V study areas were examined and recorded.

We performed surveys to obtain the data on their proximity to green spaces, defined as having access to such spaces within a 15-minute walk from their homes.

Linear mixed-effects models with BP as the outcome variable and the measure of exposure to green spaces as fixed-effect predictor were applied.

The analysis was adjusted for several covariates.

We found that perceived residential proximity to green spaces was associated with −0.08 mmHg (95% confidence intervals (CIs): −0.58, 0.41; p value = 0.72) reduction in systolic BP and −0.09 (95% CIs: −0.49, 0.31; p value = 0.66) reduction in diastolic BP.

We also observed statistically nonsignificant odds ratio of 1.03 (95% CIs: 0.76, 1.39), 0.96 (95% CIs: 0.80, 1.16), and 0.98 (95% CIs: 0.82, 1.16) for isolated systolic/diastolic hypertension and hypertension, respectively.

Our observations remained consistent after adjustment for height, parental employment, low birth weight, parental obesity, single parent, and breastfeeding.

In conclusion, subjective proximity to green spaces might not be associated with a lower mean BP in children.

Well-designed studies applying both subjective and objective data should be performed to elaborate on the relationship further.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Abbasi, Behzad& Pourmirzaei, Mohammadali& Hariri, Sanam& Heshmat, Ramin& Qorbani, Mostafa& Dadvand, Payam…[et al.]. 2020. Subjective Proximity to Green Spaces and Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN-V Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1184443

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Abbasi, Behzad…[et al.]. Subjective Proximity to Green Spaces and Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN-V Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1184443

American Medical Association (AMA)

Abbasi, Behzad& Pourmirzaei, Mohammadali& Hariri, Sanam& Heshmat, Ramin& Qorbani, Mostafa& Dadvand, Payam…[et al.]. Subjective Proximity to Green Spaces and Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN-V Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1184443

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-1184443