Prevalence of Undernutrition and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in a Public General Hospital, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study Design

Joint Authors

Zemicheal, Teklewoini Mariye
Dagnazgi, Ebud Ayele
Bahrey, Degena
Gebreayezgi, Guesh
Aregawi, Gebrekiros
Kidanemariam, Gebregziabher

Source

Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-7, 7 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-10-07

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

7

Main Subjects

Nutrition & Dietetics

Abstract EN

Background.

Undernutrition is a global health problem, particularly in pregnant women.

Despite the limited studies performed in different parts of Ethiopia, the information about the prevalence of undernutrition of pregnant women in the current study area is not documented.

Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of undernutrition and associated factors in pregnant women.

Methods.

An institution-based cross-sectional study design was conducted in the Tigray region from August 01 to December 30, 2018.

Study subjects were selected by systematic sampling technique from the respective hospitals.

An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data.

Data were cleaned and entered using Epi-Data version 3.1 and then exported to statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 23.0 for analysis.

Multivariate analyses were carried out, and adjusted odds ratios (AORs) with 95% CI and significance level (p value) <0.05 were considered.

Results.

Out of the total 844 selected pregnant women, 840 participated in the study, yielding a response rate of 99.5%; of this, respondent’s undernutrition prevalence was found to be 40.6% with 95% confidence interval (38.93% and 42.27%).

Agriculture as occupation (AOR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.5, 4.5), women who wanted the pregnancy (AOR = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.14, 0.448), no history malaria during pregnancy (AOR = 0.291, 95%: (0.152, 0.555)), coffee intake during pregnancy (AOR = 1.6, 95% CI: 1.04, 2.69), and hemoglobin < 11 g/dl (AOR = 4.9, 95% CI: 3.09, 7.8) were the factors that were significantly associated with undernutrition, p value (<0.05).

Conclusion.

In this study, occupation, history of having malaria during pregnancy, wanted type pregnancy, coffee intake during pregnancy, and hemoglobin < 11 g/dl were factors significantly associated with undernutrition in pregnant mothers.

So, healthcare providers, policymakers, and other stakeholders should give special focus on these factors.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Dagnazgi, Ebud Ayele& Gebreayezgi, Guesh& Zemicheal, Teklewoini Mariye& Bahrey, Degena& Aregawi, Gebrekiros& Kidanemariam, Gebregziabher. 2020. Prevalence of Undernutrition and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in a Public General Hospital, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study Design. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1188668

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Zemicheal, Teklewoini Mariye…[et al.]. Prevalence of Undernutrition and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in a Public General Hospital, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study Design. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1188668

American Medical Association (AMA)

Dagnazgi, Ebud Ayele& Gebreayezgi, Guesh& Zemicheal, Teklewoini Mariye& Bahrey, Degena& Aregawi, Gebrekiros& Kidanemariam, Gebregziabher. Prevalence of Undernutrition and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in a Public General Hospital, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study Design. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1188668

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-1188668