Nutritional Status and Anthropometric Indices in relation to Menstrual Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Study

Joint Authors

Taheri, Reihaneh
Mesbah Ardekani, Fakhrodin
Raeisi Shahraki, Hadi
Heidarzadeh-Esfahani, Neda
Hajiahmadi, Salimeh

Source

Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-7, 7 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-11-23

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

7

Main Subjects

Nutrition & Dietetics

Abstract EN

Purpose.

Dietary habit and body composition can develop risk of menstrual disorders.

The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between macronutrient intake, anthropometric indices, and menstrual disorders.

Methods.

This cross-sectional study was conducted on 217 women with an average age of 28.8 ± 7.9 years.

Anthropometric indices including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and skinfold thickness from all participants were measured.

Menstrual cycle characteristics were self-reported.

The dietary habits were assessed by using a modified, semiquantitative 147 items Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) by two trained dietitians.

Chi-square and independent T-test were used to assess bivariate associations and logistic regression was implemented in SPSS 21.

Results.

Most of the participants (52.5%) suffered from at least one of the menstrual disorders including painful menstruation (41%), premenstrual syndrome (PMS) (24.9%), and irregular menstruation (22.1%).

The mean of waist circumference in women with no complication was 76.0 ± 11.8 and in women with at least one disorder was 86.7 ± 14.0 (P<0.001).

Our results suggest that women with no disorder consumed less calorie, carbohydrate, protein, and fat in comparison to women with at least one disorder (P<0.001).

Furthermore, the proportion of all kinds of disorders among women, who had overweight or obesity, was significantly higher than women with normal BMI (P<0.001).

Conclusion.

Irregular menstruation, painful menstruation, and PMS were significantly associated with high intake of calories, proteins, carbohydrates, and total fat.

Furthermore, menstruation-related complications were worsened by obesity.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Taheri, Reihaneh& Mesbah Ardekani, Fakhrodin& Raeisi Shahraki, Hadi& Heidarzadeh-Esfahani, Neda& Hajiahmadi, Salimeh. 2020. Nutritional Status and Anthropometric Indices in relation to Menstrual Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1188717

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Taheri, Reihaneh…[et al.]. Nutritional Status and Anthropometric Indices in relation to Menstrual Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1188717

American Medical Association (AMA)

Taheri, Reihaneh& Mesbah Ardekani, Fakhrodin& Raeisi Shahraki, Hadi& Heidarzadeh-Esfahani, Neda& Hajiahmadi, Salimeh. Nutritional Status and Anthropometric Indices in relation to Menstrual Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1188717

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-1188717