Therapeutic Efficacy of Artemether-Lumefantrine (Coartem®)‎ for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Africa: A Systematic Review

Joint Authors

Abebe, Tamrat
Woldeamanuel, Yimtubezinash
Mekonnen, Daniel
Yeshitela, Biruk
Derbie, Awoke
Adugna, Meseret

Source

Journal of Parasitology Research

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-14, 14 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-10-22

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

14

Main Subjects

Zoology
Diseases

Abstract EN

Background.

Africa still bears the largest burden of malaria as the majority of infections in the continent are caused by P.

falciparum.

Artemether-lumefantrine (AL, Coartem®) is the most widely used artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), for treating uncomplicated falciparum malaria globally.

However, the development of resistance to antimalarial drugs is a major challenge for malaria control.

In this review, the efficacy of AL for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Africa was evaluated.

Methods.

Articles published between January 2015 and July 2019 were systematically searched using comprehensive search strings from PubMed/Medline, SCOPUS, and grey literature from Google Scholar.

Interventional studies that followed patients for at least 28 days were included.

Two reviewers independently assessed study eligibility, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias.

All the included articles were measured to be good quality.

While computing the efficacy of AL, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)–corrected cure rate (adequate clinical and parasitological response, ACPR) at day 28 was considered as the main endpoint.

Meta-analysis was computed using STATA v 15 to calculate the pooled ACPR.

Results.

In this review, 39 articles that reported the treatment outcome of 8,320 patients were included.

After 28 days of follow-up, the pooled PCR uncorrected and corrected APCR was at 87% (95% CI: 85-90%) and 97.0% (95% CI: 96-98%), respectively.

Moreover, the proportion of early treatment failure (ETF) was almost 0%, while most of the included articles reported <8% late treatment failures.

The reinfection and recrudescence rate was less than 10% and 2.6%, respectively, within 28 days.

We noted rapid fever and parasite clearance in which greater than 93% and 94% patients were parasite and fever free at day three following AL treatment.

Conclusions.

This review discovered that despite more than a decade since its introduction, Coartem® remains effective and thus could continue to be the drug of choice for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria for all age groups in Africa.

However, the risk of new emerging resistance for this combination warrants regular monitoring of its efficacy across the continent.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Derbie, Awoke& Mekonnen, Daniel& Adugna, Meseret& Yeshitela, Biruk& Woldeamanuel, Yimtubezinash& Abebe, Tamrat. 2020. Therapeutic Efficacy of Artemether-Lumefantrine (Coartem®) for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Africa: A Systematic Review. Journal of Parasitology Research،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-14.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1190096

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Abebe, Tamrat…[et al.]. Therapeutic Efficacy of Artemether-Lumefantrine (Coartem®) for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Africa: A Systematic Review. Journal of Parasitology Research No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-14.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1190096

American Medical Association (AMA)

Derbie, Awoke& Mekonnen, Daniel& Adugna, Meseret& Yeshitela, Biruk& Woldeamanuel, Yimtubezinash& Abebe, Tamrat. Therapeutic Efficacy of Artemether-Lumefantrine (Coartem®) for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Africa: A Systematic Review. Journal of Parasitology Research. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-14.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1190096

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-1190096