Efficacy of ozone gas against all stages of red flour beetle, tribolium castaneum (herbst)‎ (coleoptera: tenebrionidae)‎ at different temperatures and exposure periods

Other Title(s)

فعالية الأوزون ضد خنفساء الطحين الحمراء (Coleoptera : Tenebrionidae)‎ Tribolium Castaneum (Herbst)‎ عند مستويات حرارة و أوقات تعرض مختلفة

Joint Authors

al-Imarah, Muhammad Sabri
al-Yusif, Aqil Adnan
Abbas, Muhammad Hamzah

Source

Basrah Journal of Agrricultural Science

Issue

Vol. 34, Issue 2 (31 Dec. 2021), pp.240-252, 13 p.

Publisher

University of Basrah Agriculture College

Publication Date

2021-12-31

Country of Publication

Iraq

No. of Pages

13

Main Subjects

Agriculture

Topics

Abstract EN

Ozone efficacy (approximately of 600 Mg.

hr-1) was evaluated against RedFlour Beetle's (RFB, Tribolium castium (Herbst)) eggs, larvae, pupae and adults atdifferent temperatures (35, 40 and 45 ° C) and exposure times (1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 hours)under laboratory.

The control treatments included above thermal levels without ozoneat the mentioned exposure periods.

The results indicated ozone effectively suppressedhatching with increasing temperature.

The hatch egg rates was reduced to 0 % in thetreated treatments after 10 h at 45° C.

However, mortality rates of RFB were increasedwith maximizing of the exposure time to ozone.

After 10-h exposure to ozone at thelowest temperature 35˚ C, complete mortality (100% ) or few survivals of RFB wererecorded in the susceptible stages (larvae and adults).

Also, the complete mortality ofadults and larvae resulted after an exposure to ozone at 40 ° C for 10 hours, comparedthan the high survival rates at the pest's stages at 30 and 40° C, even after 10 hours ofmonitoring time.

However the exposure time which is required to 100% mortality wasdecreased to 4 hours at 45 ° C, comparing to the thermal treatment only (control) whichneeded more time (6 h) for 100% of mortality.

In conclusion, ozone application showedthe efficacy on the mortality at all stages of RFB and the temperature was a potentialfactor enhancing the application of ozone for RFB control.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Imarah, Muhammad Sabri& al-Yusif, Aqil Adnan& Abbas, Muhammad Hamzah. 2021. Efficacy of ozone gas against all stages of red flour beetle, tribolium castaneum (herbst) (coleoptera: tenebrionidae) at different temperatures and exposure periods. Basrah Journal of Agrricultural Science،Vol. 34, no. 2, pp.240-252.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1302022

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Imarah, Muhammad Sabri…[et al.]. Efficacy of ozone gas against all stages of red flour beetle, tribolium castaneum (herbst) (coleoptera: tenebrionidae) at different temperatures and exposure periods. Basrah Journal of Agrricultural Science Vol. 34, no. 2 (2021), pp.240-252.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1302022

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Imarah, Muhammad Sabri& al-Yusif, Aqil Adnan& Abbas, Muhammad Hamzah. Efficacy of ozone gas against all stages of red flour beetle, tribolium castaneum (herbst) (coleoptera: tenebrionidae) at different temperatures and exposure periods. Basrah Journal of Agrricultural Science. 2021. Vol. 34, no. 2, pp.240-252.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1302022

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 249-251

Record ID

BIM-1302022