Catalytic pyrolysis of date kernels by using Jordanian minerals

Other Title(s)

الانحلال الحراري لنوى التمر باستخدام حجر التربولي

Dissertant

al-Jaradat, Rima Abd al-Hamid Ibrahim

Thesis advisor

al-Jarrah, Nabil Abd al-Karim Amin

University

Mutah University

Faculty

Faculty of Science

Department

Department of Chemistry

University Country

Jordan

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2021

English Abstract

An increasing attention is being paid for producing bio-oil especially in the countries that suffer from the lack of energy resources such as Jordan.

Catalytic pyrolysis has been widely investigated in the literature due to its promising performance in producing oil from different biomass materials.

Among the different types of catalysts, natural catalysts are usually preferred due to its availability and low cost.

However, the natural catalysts differ in their performance in producing the pyrolytic products in terms of bio-oil’s quality and products’ yield.

In this thesis, we start by conducting a comparative study of using different natural minerals in Jordan as catalysts to produce bio-oil from palm date kernels in a catalytic pyrolysis process.

The considered set of the Jordanian natural minerals includes Mud, volcanic tuff, Phosphogypsum, Oil Shale Ash, Diatomite and Tripoli.

The performance of catalysts is evaluated in terms of the amount of the gas, oil and char produced from the catalytic pyrolysis process, and the quality of the produced bio-oil.

Detailed analysis of the catalytic performance of Jordanian natural Tripoli in the pyrolysis of date kernels has been carried out.

A study on the impact of the different factors including pyrolysis temperature, catalyst- tofeed ratio and heating rate on the products’ yield and the quality of the produced bio-oil is conducted.

Moreover, chemical composition is studied through solvent extraction method to quantify the percentages of the different chemical families present in the produced bio-oil.

In addition, a kinetic study is conducted to model the produced bio-oil during the catalytic pyrolysis of palm date kernel using Coats and Redfern Model.

The contributions of this thesis are extended to investigate the catalytic performance of chemically-modified Tripoli using impregnation method with iron.

A full factorial design matrix is followed to conduct the experimental works and analyze the main and interaction effects of the reaction temperature, heating rate and the catalyst loading on the yields.

Main Subjects

Chemistry

No. of Pages

55

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

Chapter One : Theoretical background.

Chapter Two : Research methodology.

Chapter Three : Results and discussion.

Chapter Four : Conclusions and recommendations.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Jaradat, Rima Abd al-Hamid Ibrahim. (2021). Catalytic pyrolysis of date kernels by using Jordanian minerals. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1341504

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Jaradat, Rima Abd al-Hamid Ibrahim. Catalytic pyrolysis of date kernels by using Jordanian minerals. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University. (2021).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1341504

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Jaradat, Rima Abd al-Hamid Ibrahim. (2021). Catalytic pyrolysis of date kernels by using Jordanian minerals. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1341504

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-1341504