Occurrence and risk factors of cryptosporidium parvum among immunocompromised Patients in Ibb City-Yemen

Other Title(s)

الحدوث و عوامل الخطورة لطفيل الأبواغ الخفية بين مرضى نقص المناعة في مدينة إب-اليمن

Joint Authors

al-Shamahi, Hasan Abd al-Wahhab
al-Awar, Muhammad Sadiq A.
Qasim, Ijlal Ahmad
al-Shihari, Wadi Abd Allah
Idris, Waddah Hasan

Source

Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Issue

Vol. 6, Issue 3 (30 Jun. 2022), pp.66-78, 13 p.

Publisher

National Research Center

Publication Date

2022-06-30

Country of Publication

Palestine (Gaza Strip)

No. of Pages

13

Main Subjects

Diseases

Abstract EN

Cryptosporidium parasite is causing opportunistic cryptosporidiosis diseases among immunocompromised patients that lead to acute and persistent diarrhea and health complications, especially in developing countries.

this study amid to determine the occurrence of c.

parvum among immunocompromised patients presenting at al-Thawra hospital in Ibb city- Yemen.

sample of the study (87) stool specimens were collected between November 2016 and July 2017.

the stool specimens were screened for the c.

parvum by using formalin- ether concentration, Ziehl-Neelsen methods, and enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

the required data were obtained by a designed questionnaire.

the result revealed that the overall rate of c.

parvum was 62 (71.26%) observed among immunocompromised patients and both males and females had nearly equal frequency rates of infection.

the highest rate of infection was 80% reported within age less than 10 years and 78.3% among patients who coming from the rural area.

also, it was found 83.33% of infected patients drinking from piped water with significant difference (p<0.05).

in addition, 73.81% of individuals contacting animals were positive for infection.

the most frequent rate of infection was 53.2% recorded for chronic renal failure, 42% for malignancy, and 4.8% for renal transplant patients.

the clinical features most frequently presented were diarrhea, malaise, poor appetite, weight loss, abdominal pain, and fever.

similarly, 90.3% and 97.8% of cases were suffered from semi- liquid diarrhea and acute diarrhea, respectively.

recommendation as described in this study health education programs are needed for preventing and controlling the transmission of cryptosporidium parasites among weak immune individuals.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Qasim, Ijlal Ahmad& al-Shihari, Wadi Abd Allah& al-Shamahi, Hasan Abd al-Wahhab& Idris, Waddah Hasan& al-Awar, Muhammad Sadiq A.. 2022. Occurrence and risk factors of cryptosporidium parvum among immunocompromised Patients in Ibb City-Yemen. Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences،Vol. 6, no. 3, pp.66-78.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1407506

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Qasim, Ijlal Ahmad…[et al.]. Occurrence and risk factors of cryptosporidium parvum among immunocompromised Patients in Ibb City-Yemen. Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences Vol. 6, no. 3 (Jun. 2022), pp.66-78.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1407506

American Medical Association (AMA)

Qasim, Ijlal Ahmad& al-Shihari, Wadi Abd Allah& al-Shamahi, Hasan Abd al-Wahhab& Idris, Waddah Hasan& al-Awar, Muhammad Sadiq A.. Occurrence and risk factors of cryptosporidium parvum among immunocompromised Patients in Ibb City-Yemen. Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2022. Vol. 6, no. 3, pp.66-78.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1407506

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 76-78

Record ID

BIM-1407506