Impact of fast foods and snacks upon adolescents' BMI at secondary schools in Baghdad City
أثر الوجبات السريعة و الخفيفة على مقياس كتلة جسم المرهقين في المدارس الثانوية في مدينة بغداد
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Objective: The study aimed to identify the adolescents' fast foods and snacks, and find out the relationship between fast food, snacks and adolescents' demographic data (gender and Body Mass Index).
Methodology: A descriptive study was conducted on impact of fast foods and snacks upon adolescents' Body Mass Index in secondary schools at Baghdad city, starting from 20th of April 2013 to the end of October 2014.
Non- probability (purposive) sample of 1254 adolescents were chosen from secondary schools of both sides of Al-Karkh and Al-Russafa sectors.
Data was collected through a specially constructed questionnaire format include (12) items multiple choice questions.
The validity of the questionnaire was determined through a panel of experts related to the field of the study, and the reliability through a pilot study.
The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis frequency, & percentages, and inferential statistical analysis, chi-square, are used.
Results: The study results revealed that more than one third and half of the sample daily take soft drink, sometimes eating cake and other crackers, chocolate or cocoa, ice cream, sweets, chips, artificial fruit juice, milk and dairy products, beans nuts, and drink tea or coffee respectively.
The study sample have more than one third (37.4%) sometimes eat fast food in their home, and (38.1%) seldom eat fast food from out.
Eat the snacks food highly significant association with adolescents' gender but eat the fast foods not significant association with their gender.
There is highly significant association between eat the snacks and fast foods in home with their Body Mass Index but eat the fast foods out home not significant association with their Body Mass Index.
Recommendation: The study recommended that Ministry Of Health should activate the healthy eating snacks and fast foods program within school health service programs, and Ministry of Education should be involved their teachers in the healthy eating programs & training them on the healthy eating strategies.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Salih, Buthaynah Bashir& Muallah, Iqbal Ghanim Ali. 2015. Impact of fast foods and snacks upon adolescents' BMI at secondary schools in Baghdad City. Iraqi National Journal of Nursing Specialties،Vol. 28, no. 2, pp.1-7.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Salih, Buthaynah Bashir& Muallah, Iqbal Ghanim Ali. Impact of fast foods and snacks upon adolescents' BMI at secondary schools in Baghdad City. Iraqi National Journal of Nursing Specialties Vol. 28, no. 2 (2015), pp.1-7.
American Medical Association (AMA)
Salih, Buthaynah Bashir& Muallah, Iqbal Ghanim Ali. Impact of fast foods and snacks upon adolescents' BMI at secondary schools in Baghdad City. Iraqi National Journal of Nursing Specialties. 2015. Vol. 28, no. 2, pp.1-7.
Includes bibliographical references : p. 6-7
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