Changes of nutritional status and the variations of serum indicators of patients with chronic kidney disease accompanied by hypothyroidism taking thyroid hormone replacement therapy as the therapeutic models

Joint Authors

Deng, Xin
Tang, Cai
Wu, Jinlin
Fang, Fang
Han, Rui

Source

Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

Issue

Vol. 26, Issue 8 (31 Dec. 2019), pp.2091-2095, 5 p.

Publisher

Saudi Biological Society

Publication Date

2019-12-31

Country of Publication

Saudi Arabia

No. of Pages

5

Main Topic

Diseases

Topics

Abstract EN

This study aimed to analyze the incidence of malnutrition in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) at stage III-IV accompanied by hypothyroidism and indicate the improvement in nutritional status and kidney disease of CKD patients after undergoing thyroid hormone replacement (THR) therapy as therapeutic models.

The included 156 CKD patients in stage III-IV were divided into the CKD stage III group (CKD-III group) (n = 80) and CKD stage IV group (CKD-IV group) (n = 76), and the clinical indicators of all the patients were collected.

Based on changes in thyroid function, the included patients were again divided into the following groups: subclinical hypothyroidism group (the experimental group, hereinafter referred to Y-group, n = 78) and non-subclinical hypothyroidism group (the control group, hereinafter referred to N-group, n = 78), in which the CKD-III group was divided into CKD-IIIN group (n = 38) and CKD-IIIY group (n = 42), and also the CKD-IV group was divided into CKD-IVN group (n = 40) and CKD-IVY group (n = 36).

At the beginning, patients in the Y-group was orally given 25 lg/dL of levothyroxine; based on the progression of the disease, the dosage was regulated; the concentration of serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was assessed once per month, as well as changes in tri-iodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4).

Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the CKD-IIIY group was significantly changed compared with that of the CKD-IVY group after THR therapy.

Comparison of nutrition-based indicators between the N-group and the Y-group showed that the serum albumin (ALB) level, the hemoglobin (HGB) level, and the grip strength of both the left and right hand were notably decreased (P < 0.05).

After THR therapy, the indicators related to CKD patients were accompanied by subclinical hypothyroidism changes; the levels of ALB and HGB, as well as the grip strength of both the left and right hand were notably increased compared with before undergoing THR therapy (P < 0.05).

In conclusion, malnutrition of chronic kidney disease caused by subclinical hypothyroidism could be partially recovered after THR therapy as therapeutic models.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Deng, Xin& Tang, Cai& Wu, Jinlin& Han, Rui& Fang, Fang. 2019. Changes of nutritional status and the variations of serum indicators of patients with chronic kidney disease accompanied by hypothyroidism taking thyroid hormone replacement therapy as the therapeutic models. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences،Vol. 26, no. 8, pp.2091-2095.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-910591

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Deng, Xin…[et al.]. Changes of nutritional status and the variations of serum indicators of patients with chronic kidney disease accompanied by hypothyroidism taking thyroid hormone replacement therapy as the therapeutic models. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences Vol. 26, no. 8 (Dec. 2019), pp.2091-2095.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-910591

American Medical Association (AMA)

Deng, Xin& Tang, Cai& Wu, Jinlin& Han, Rui& Fang, Fang. Changes of nutritional status and the variations of serum indicators of patients with chronic kidney disease accompanied by hypothyroidism taking thyroid hormone replacement therapy as the therapeutic models. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2019. Vol. 26, no. 8, pp.2091-2095.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-910591

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 2094-2095

Record ID

BIM-910591