Post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and its risk factors
نقص كلس الدم بعد عمليات استئصال الغدة الدرقية و عوامل الخطورة المرافقة له
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Objective: Hypocalcemia is a well-recognized complication of thyroid surgery.
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of hypocalcemia after thyroid surgery and find out the risk factors involved regarding the patient age, gender, muscular build, clinical diagnosis, extent of surgery, ligation of the inferior thyroid artery, and pathology report.
Methods: This prospective study was carried out on 50 patients who underwent thyroid surgery for various thyroid diseases at the surgical department of Al-Karama Teaching Hospital in the period between January 2017 to July 2018.
Serial serum calcium measurements were recorded as well as details of the operation, patient age and gender, ligation of the inferior thyroid artery or not, pathological report.
Hypocalcemia was considered transient if it was resolved within 6months and permanent if it persist after 6 months and the patient was maintained on supplementation therapy of calcium and vitamin D.
Results: Author found that the incidence of postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia was 30% and in the majority of the cases (24%) was transient, while it was permanent in only (6%) of cases and had occurred mainly after total thyroidectomy and in cases with ligation of the inferior thyroid artery.
Conclusions: Author concluded that post thyroidectomy hypocalcemia is a relatively common complication but it is transient in the majority of the patients.
Its incidence is related to the extent of the surgery and can be reduced by the good preparation of the patient preoperatively.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Surayh, Muhammad Hulw& Bakkur, Amin Muhammad. 2019. Post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and its risk factors. Journal of the Arab Board of Health Specializations،Vol. 20, no. 4, pp.8-13.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Surayh, Muhammad Hulw& Bakkur, Amin Muhammad. Post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and its risk factors. Journal of the Arab Board of Health Specializations Vol. 20, no. 4 (2019), pp.8-13.
American Medical Association (AMA)
Surayh, Muhammad Hulw& Bakkur, Amin Muhammad. Post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia and its risk factors. Journal of the Arab Board of Health Specializations. 2019. Vol. 20, no. 4, pp.8-13.
Includes bibliographical references : p. 12-13
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