Influence of iron deficiency anemia on growth : a cross-sectional study

Joint Authors

Fareeq, Zanyar Hewa
Zangana, Kawes Umar

Source

Medical Journal of Babylon

Issue

Vol. 16, Issue 4 (31 Dec. 2019), pp.235-239, 5 p.

Publisher

University of Babylon College of Medicine

Publication Date

2019-12-31

Country of Publication

Iraq

No. of Pages

5

Main Topic

Medicine

Abstract EN

Background: The most important risk factors for iron deficiency (ID) and ID anemia (IDA) are poor iron intake, low bioavailability of iron, chronic loss from the body, and some specific periods of life when the iron requirement is so much like growth during childhood and pregnancy.

Objective: In this study, the effect of IDA on physical growth was investigated in children through finding out associations between different growth parameters and IDA.

Materials and Methods: In this cross‑sectional study, we measured growth parameters in fifty children with IDA before and for 6 months’ postiron therapy in comparison with fifty age‑ and sex‑matched normal controls.

Annualized growth velocity and body mass index (BMI) were calculated from measured growth parameters.

Red blood cell indices and serum ferritin were measured.

After a 6 months’ period (October 1, 2018–March 1, 2019) from starting treatment of the anemic group, growth parameters and the hematological assessment were measured again.

Results: Mean age and standard deviation for cases were 19.1 ± 12.7 months while that of controls were 19.2 ± 12.4 months, and there was no significant difference regarding age distribution P > 0.05.

Before the treatment, children with IDA were significantly shorter in comparison to age‑ and sex‑matched controls.

The BMI of anemic group increased significantly P < 0.05.

Weight, length, and occipitofrontal circumference were also significantly increased after iron therapy P < 0.0001.

After receiving therapy, serum ferritin was significantly correlated with growth velocity and BMI for the anemic group: (r = 0.853 P < 0.0001) and (r = 0.460 P < 0.001), respectively.

After treatment, the anemic group had a growth velocity 5.2 ± 1.8 which was faster than that of nonanemic one 3.4 ± 1.8, P < 0.0001.

Conclusion: This study documented a positive effect of IDA on physical growth in children, especially during the first 2 years of life during which growth is fast.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Fareeq, Zanyar Hewa& Zangana, Kawes Umar. 2019. Influence of iron deficiency anemia on growth : a cross-sectional study. Medical Journal of Babylon،Vol. 16, no. 4, pp.235-239.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-935599

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Fareeq, Zanyar Hewa& Zangana, Kawes Umar. Influence of iron deficiency anemia on growth : a cross-sectional study. Medical Journal of Babylon Vol. 16, no. 4 (Oct. / Dec. 2019), pp.235-239.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-935599

American Medical Association (AMA)

Fareeq, Zanyar Hewa& Zangana, Kawes Umar. Influence of iron deficiency anemia on growth : a cross-sectional study. Medical Journal of Babylon. 2019. Vol. 16, no. 4, pp.235-239.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-935599

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 338-339

Record ID

BIM-935599