Structure, shape and single particle states of the Cd isotopes using relativistic mean field theory

Other Title(s)

البنية و الشكل و مستويات الطاقة لنظائر عنصر الكادميوم باستخدام نظرية المجال المتوسط النسبية

Dissertant

Qatu, Sundus Sad

Thesis advisor

Abu Sarah, Hazim

University

Birzeit University

Faculty

Faculty of Science

Department

Department of Physics

University Country

Palestine (West Bank)

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2020

English Abstract

Nuclear shape, single particle states and ground states properties such as binding energy, two neutron separation energy (Sn2), and proton and neutron radii in the Cd isotopic chain are studied within the framework of relativistic mean field theory using nonlinear meson nucleon coupling model.

A systematic investigation of the ground state shape is also performed for Cd isotopes (Z=48, 47< N < 116).

The shape of the ground state for Cd isotopes varies between three categories: spherical, axial (prolate, oblate) and triaxial.

Our results suggest that the neutron deficient side of the chain exhibts an oblate-prolate transition, after that the shape fluctuations are between axial (oblate or prolate) and triaxial.

Single particle states are shown for nuclei, which have a jump in value of quadrupole deformation fi20 and neighboring nuclei.

Single particle states are in a good agreement with Nilsson Diagram for axial nuclei.he physical properties: Binding energy, two neutron energy, neutron, proton, and charge radii are studied as a function of mass number.

In general, a smooth change in these properties is found, except near A = 98, 130, 136, one can see a sharp change, which reflect the sudden change in the ground state deformation in the neighboring nuclei.

Our calculations shows a reasonable agreement with experimental data.

Main Subjects

Physics

Topics

No. of Pages

52

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

Chapter One : Introduction.

Chapter Two : Formalism.

Chapter Three : Structure of Cd isotopes.

Chapter Four : Conclusion.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Qatu, Sundus Sad. (2020). Structure, shape and single particle states of the Cd isotopes using relativistic mean field theory. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Birzeit University, Palestine (West Bank)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-977593

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Qatu, Sundus Sad. Structure, shape and single particle states of the Cd isotopes using relativistic mean field theory. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Birzeit University. (2020).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-977593

American Medical Association (AMA)

Qatu, Sundus Sad. (2020). Structure, shape and single particle states of the Cd isotopes using relativistic mean field theory. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Birzeit University, Palestine (West Bank)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-977593

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-977593