Dystonic Movement Disorder as Symptom of Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Country of Publication
No. of Pages
Catatonia is increasingly recognized as a comorbid psychiatric condition in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the overlap of behavioral characteristics between these disorders raises many diagnostic challenges.
Moreover, recognizing symptoms in ASD patients with medium-low functioning might be difficult.
Literature on this argument is poor, especially for children.
We report the case of an ASD patient with low cognitive functioning, who presented a complex symptomatology, characterized by progressive regression with loss of autonomy and involuntary movements that assume “dystonic” features.
Organic pathology was excluded, and catatonia, with peculiar dystonic characteristics, was diagnosed.
An intervention based on elimination of stressful factors, resumption of routines, and support for parents led to the resolution of catatonic symptoms.
The case describes the presence among the catatonic symptoms in ASD of involuntary “dystonic” movements; so far, little reported in literature; it highlights that the catatonia may present with a broad spectrum of motor abnormalities.
There is still little evidence for treatment of catatonia and ASD.
Our case highlights how it is equally important to take into account triggering factors when implementing a nonpharmacological treatment.
So, it represents an example of diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of catatonia in ASD, especially in low functioning forms.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Riccio, Maria Pia& Siracusano, Rosamaria& d’Alessandro, Ilaria& Marino, Maria& Bravaccio, Carmela. 2020. Dystonic Movement Disorder as Symptom of Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Case Reports in Psychiatry،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-3.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Riccio, Maria Pia…[et al.]. Dystonic Movement Disorder as Symptom of Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Case Reports in Psychiatry No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-3.
American Medical Association (AMA)
Riccio, Maria Pia& Siracusano, Rosamaria& d’Alessandro, Ilaria& Marino, Maria& Bravaccio, Carmela. Dystonic Movement Disorder as Symptom of Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Case Reports in Psychiatry. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-3.
Includes bibliographical references
Arab Citation & Impact Factor "Arcif"
Largest Arabic Database of Citations Analysis for the Arabic Scholarly Journals Issued in Arab World.