ID Polymorphism Gene ACE and Risk of Preeclampsia in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
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Preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are the most common complications of pregnancy, which result in adverse outcomes for the mother and the fetus.
GDM is regarded as a separate independent risk factor for PE development, as evidenced by a higher preeclampsia rate in gestational diabetes mellitus than in the general population.
The role the endothelial cell dysfunction plays is considered to be the most reasonable one in the origin of these diseases.
The activity of plasma and tissue angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is believed to be genetically controlled.
The available data suggests that increased ACE activity due to deletion (D)/insertion (I) in the 16th intron of ACE gene, which is called ACE gene I/D polymorphism, is associated with preeclampsia and varies depending on the studied population and the geography.
We did not find any literature data that estimates the influence of ACE gene I/D polymorphism on PE rate in pregnant women with GDM.
Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate a relationship between ACE gene I/D polymorphism and preeclampsia development in the case of GDM in the Russian population.
The study used the genomic DNA derived by phenol-chloroform extraction method from venous blood samples in 137 pregnant women, including samples of 74 women with GDM accompanied with PE and the blood samples of 63 women with GDM w/o preeclampsia.
Genotyping of insertion/deletion in the I/D region (16 intron of АСЕ gene) was conducted by real-time PCR using the TaqMan competing probe technology.
The particular features in the frequency array of alleles and genotypes of the ACE gen I/D polymorphism under review, as associated with preeclampsia development risk in pregnant women with GDM, were identified.
The acquired data testify to the need to further study of ACE gene I/D region polymorphism association in a large patient sample taking into account the PE and GDM risk factors estimated in the clinical practice.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Dmitrenko, O. P.& Karpova, N. S.& Nurbekov, M. K.& Papysheva, O. V.. 2020. ID Polymorphism Gene ACE and Risk of Preeclampsia in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Disease Markers،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Dmitrenko, O. P.…[et al.]. ID Polymorphism Gene ACE and Risk of Preeclampsia in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Disease Markers No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-7.
American Medical Association (AMA)
Dmitrenko, O. P.& Karpova, N. S.& Nurbekov, M. K.& Papysheva, O. V.. ID Polymorphism Gene ACE and Risk of Preeclampsia in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Disease Markers. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
Includes bibliographical references
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