The Analysis of How Apnea Influences the Autonomic Nervous System Using Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Indices

Joint Authors

He, Baolin
Li, Wenyu
Zhang, Xiaotong
Wu, Yanan
Liu, Jing
Brewer, Lara M.
Yu, Lu

Source

Journal of Healthcare Engineering

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-8, 8 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-12-19

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

8

Main Topic

Public Health
Medicine

Abstract EN

Objective.

Frequent cessations of respiration can greatly increase the prevalence rate of arrhythmia.

It has been confirmed that cardiac modulation is regulated by the autonomic nervous system (ANS).

And heart rate variability (HRV) is widely used as a method to evaluate the function of the ANS.

Therefore, we analyzed whether apnea can affect the balance and normal function of the ANS using short-term HRV indices.

Methods.

Forty-five healthy subjects were asked to breathe normally and hold their breathing to simulate 10 times apnea.

Thirty-six patients from the dataset of a sleep laboratory for the diagnosis of sleep disorders with 10 times apnea were included in analysis.

We calculated short-term HRV indices of subjects in normal respiratory and apneic states, respectively.

Results.

Compared with the normal respiratory state, respiration cease would lead to the values of Mean-RR, nLF, LF/HF, and α1 which significantly increased, whereas the values of rMSSD and nHF significantly decreased.

Conclusions.

Cessations of respiration would lead to an imbalance in the function of the ANS, as well as an increase in fractal characteristics of the heart.

These changes in the physiological state are likely to induce and cause the occurrence of arrhythmia, which is regulated by the ANS.

American Psychological Association (APA)

He, Baolin& Li, Wenyu& Zhang, Xiaotong& Wu, Yanan& Liu, Jing& Brewer, Lara M.…[et al.]. 2020. The Analysis of How Apnea Influences the Autonomic Nervous System Using Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Indices. Journal of Healthcare Engineering،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1186301

Modern Language Association (MLA)

He, Baolin…[et al.]. The Analysis of How Apnea Influences the Autonomic Nervous System Using Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Indices. Journal of Healthcare Engineering No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1186301

American Medical Association (AMA)

He, Baolin& Li, Wenyu& Zhang, Xiaotong& Wu, Yanan& Liu, Jing& Brewer, Lara M.…[et al.]. The Analysis of How Apnea Influences the Autonomic Nervous System Using Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Indices. Journal of Healthcare Engineering. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1186301

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-1186301