Treatment Outcome and Its Determinants among Patients Admitted to Stroke Unit of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia

Joint Authors

Yosef, Tewodros
Zewudie, Ameha Zeleke
Regasa, Tolcha
Hambisa, Solomon
Nureye, Dejen
Mamo, Yitagesu
Aferu, Temesgen
Feyissa, Desalegn

Source

Stroke Research and Treatment

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-8, 8 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-12-31

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

8

Main Topic

Diseases

Abstract EN

Background.

Stroke is a public health problem in Ethiopia.

Despite the high prevalence of stroke in Ethiopia, there is a paucity of data with regard to drug treatment, treatment outcome, and risk factors of poor treatment outcome of stroke.

Hence, this study is aimed at assessing treatment outcome and its determinants among patients admitted to stroke unit of Jimma University Medical Center (JUMC).

Methods.

A two-year hospital-based retrospective cross-sectional study was employed to analyze the medical records of patients admitted with stroke to stroke unit of Jimma University Medical Centre from February 1st, 2016 to March 30th, 2018.

Data was entered by Epidata manager version 4.0.2 and analyzed by SPSS version 24.

Multivariable logistic regression analysis with the backward stepwise approach was done to identify independent predictors of poor treatment outcome of stroke.

Variables with P value less than 0.05 were considered as statically significant determinants of poor treatment outcome.

Results.

Of 220 patients with stroke admitted to the Jimma University, 67.30% were male.

Nearly two thirds (63.18%) of them had poor treatment outcomes.

Dyslipidimics were administered to 60% of the patients, and the most popular antiplatelet used was aspirin, which was prescribed to 67.3% the patients.

Age≥65 adjusted odd ratio ((AOR): 2.56; 95% CI: 1.95-9.86, P=0.001), presence of comorbidity (AOR: 5.25; 95% CI: 1.08-17.69, P<0.001), admission with hemorrhagic stroke (AOR: 18.99; 95% CI: 7.05-42.07, P<0.001), and admission to the hospital after 24 hour of stroke onset (AOR: 4.98; 95% CI: 1.09-21.91, P=0.03) were independent predictors of poor treatment outcomes.

Conclusion.

Substantial numbers of stroke patients had poor treatment outcomes.

Elderly patients, patients diagnosed with hemorrhagic stroke, patients with comorbidity, and those with delayed hospital admission were more likely to have poor treatment outcome.

Hence, frequent monitoring and care should be given for the aforementioned patients.

Awareness creation on the importance of early admission should be delivered particularly for patients who have risk factors of stroke (cardiovascular diseases).

American Psychological Association (APA)

Zewudie, Ameha Zeleke& Regasa, Tolcha& Hambisa, Solomon& Nureye, Dejen& Mamo, Yitagesu& Aferu, Temesgen…[et al.]. 2020. Treatment Outcome and Its Determinants among Patients Admitted to Stroke Unit of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia. Stroke Research and Treatment،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1209409

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Zewudie, Ameha Zeleke…[et al.]. Treatment Outcome and Its Determinants among Patients Admitted to Stroke Unit of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia. Stroke Research and Treatment No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1209409

American Medical Association (AMA)

Zewudie, Ameha Zeleke& Regasa, Tolcha& Hambisa, Solomon& Nureye, Dejen& Mamo, Yitagesu& Aferu, Temesgen…[et al.]. Treatment Outcome and Its Determinants among Patients Admitted to Stroke Unit of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia. Stroke Research and Treatment. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-8.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1209409

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-1209409