Platelet‑rich plasma in oral and dental surgery : a review

Author

al-Numan, Ahmad Salah

Source

Medical Journal of Babylon

Issue

Vol. 18, Issue 2 (30 Jun. 2021), pp.59-65, 7 p.

Publisher

University of Babylon College of Medicine

Publication Date

2021-06-30

Country of Publication

Iraq

No. of Pages

7

Main Topic

Medicine

Topics

Abstract EN

Background: Platelet‑rich plasma (PRP) has been employed widely in dental and oral surgery.

However, there is considerable debate about its effect on wound healing and inflammatory response.

Materials and Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus data base, and manual search were performed to find out articles on the use of PRP in dental and oral surgery using keywords such as PRP, oral surgery, dental surgery, lower wisdom teeth, periodontal pocket, dental implant, tooth socket preservation, dry socket, cystic lesion, and ridge augmentation.

These articles discussed the use of PRP (after surgical removal of wisdom teeth, treatment of periodontal pocket, ridge preservation, implant stability, prevention of dry socket, treatment of bony defect after cystic removal, and ridge augmentation).

Results: Twenty‑seven articles were found on the usage of PRP in dental and oral surgery.

Six articles on the use of PRP after surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth, five articles in the treatment of periodontal pocket and implant stability, four article in ridge preservation, three articles in prevention of dry socket and two articles on the use of PRP after cystic removal and ridge augomentation.

Conclusion: PRP enhanced bone regeneration and soft‑tissue healing aftery lower wisdom tooth surgery.

It decreased the depth of periodontal pocket, maintained implant stability, preserved ridge height and prevented dry socket.

However, PRP had no effect on pain, swelling, and bleeding.

There is no justification for the impact of PRP on bone augmentation and healing of bony defect after cystic removal of the jaws.

More studies should be carried out to support the usage of PRP in oral and dental has been employed widely in dental and oral surgery.

However, there is considerable debate about its effect on wound healing and inflammatory response.

Materials and Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus data base, and manual search were performed to find out articles on the use of PRP in dental and oral surgery using keywords such as PRP, oral surgery, dental surgery, lower wisdom teeth, periodontal pocket, dental implant, tooth socket preservation, dry socket, cystic lesion, and ridge augmentation.

These articles discussed the use of PRP (after surgical removal of wisdom teeth, treatment of periodontal pocket, ridge preservation, implant stability, prevention of dry socket, treatment of bony defect after cystic removal, and ridge augmentation).

Results: Twenty‑seven articles were found on the usage of PRP in dental and oral surgery.

Six articles on the use of PRP after surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth, five articles in the treatment of periodontal pocket and implant stability, four article in ridge preservation, three articles in prevention of dry socket and two articles on the use of PRP after cystic removal and ridge augomentation.

Conclusion: PRP enhanced bone regeneration and soft‑tissue healing aftery lower wisdom tooth surgery.

It decreased the depth of periodontal pocket, maintained implant stability, preserved ridge height and prevented dry socket.

However, PRP had no effect on pain, swelling, and bleeding.

There is no justification for the impact of PRP on bone augmentation and healing of bony defect after cystic removal of the jaws.

More studies should be carried out to support the usage of PRP in oral and dental surgery.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Numan, Ahmad Salah. 2021. Platelet‑rich plasma in oral and dental surgery : a review. Medical Journal of Babylon،Vol. 18, no. 2, pp.59-65.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1248074

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Numan, Ahmad Salah. Platelet‑rich plasma in oral and dental surgery : a review. Medical Journal of Babylon Vol. 18, no. 2 (Apr. / Jun. 2021), pp.59-65.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1248074

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Numan, Ahmad Salah. Platelet‑rich plasma in oral and dental surgery : a review. Medical Journal of Babylon. 2021. Vol. 18, no. 2, pp.59-65.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1248074

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 64-65

Record ID

BIM-1248074