Disease burden of neonatal care unit at al-bayda medical center Al-Bayda Libya
العبء المرضي لوحدة رعاية حديثي الولادة في مركز البيضاء الطبي، ليبيا
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This research was conducted to determine the number, disease pattern, and outcome of the patients admitted at the Neonatal Care Unit (NCU) at Al-Bayda medical center (AMC) in Libya.
A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on all neonates admitted to the NCU between January 2008 and December 2008.
The collected data include age, gender, mode and site of delivery, number of gestations, maturity, duration of stay, cause of admission, and out-come.
Total infants delivered were 10075, 620 (6.1%) of them were admitted to NCU with a (6.15%) admission rate, 56.5% were male and 43.5% were female, of whom 613 (98.9%) were in-born and 519 (83.7%) were term neonates; 523 (84.4%) of total born were by normal vaginal de-livery (NVD).
48.7% of total admissions occurred during the first 24 hours of life.
The average length of hospital stay for term births was 5.6 days (SD 5.4) and for preterm 8.7 days (SD 8.55).
The common causes of admission were neonatal jaundice (29.3%), followed by neonatal infec-tions (17.6%) were prematurity accounts for (16.3%), and respiratory distress (11.1%).
The major-ity of the admitted neonates improved and were discharged 517 (83.4%), 37(6%) left against med-ical advice (LAMA) and nineteen (3%) were referred to other specialized hospitals for further management.
The neonatal mortality rate was 0.4%, and the overall hospital neonatal mortality rate was 7.6%.
According to the cause-specific death rate analysis, prematurity was the most common cause of death (29.8%), followed by sepsis (17%) and birth asphyxia (12.8%).
In conclu-sion, neonatal jaundice, infection, and prematurity complications were the leading causes of mor-bidity in neonates.
The case-fatality rate was high for prematurity, sepsis, and birth asphyxia.
Most of these etiologies are preventable to some extent by regular prenatal visits, healthy delivery prac-tices, and timely referral to hospitals which can reduce NCU burden and improve outcomes.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Yunus, Kamlah Umar& Sad, Wafa Jumah. 2021. Disease burden of neonatal care unit at al-bayda medical center Al-Bayda Libya. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences،Vol. 36, no. 4, pp.273-279.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Yunus, Kamlah Umar& Sad, Wafa Jumah. Disease burden of neonatal care unit at al-bayda medical center Al-Bayda Libya. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences Vol. 36, no. 4 (2021), pp.273-279.
American Medical Association (AMA)
Yunus, Kamlah Umar& Sad, Wafa Jumah. Disease burden of neonatal care unit at al-bayda medical center Al-Bayda Libya. Al-Mukhtar Journal of Sciences. 2021. Vol. 36, no. 4, pp.273-279.
Includes bibliographical references : p. 277-278
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