The representation of nature in Wordsworth’s and al-Bohtory’s poetry : a comparative study of selected poems

Other Title(s)

عرض الطبيعة في شعر و وردزورث و البحتري : دراسة مقارنة لقصائد مختارة

Dissertant

Abu Hammam, Imad Abd Allah Hammam

Thesis advisor

al-Rifai, Abd al-Ilah Husayn al-Nahar

University

Mutah University

Faculty

Faculty of Arts

Department

Department of English Language and Literature

University Country

Jordan

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2021

English Abstract

This thesis analyzes the representation of nature in poetry, mainly in Wordsworth’s and Al-Bohtory’s poems.

This study is based on the theoretical and analytical approaches of the American School of Comparative Literature.

It relies specifically on the Parallelism theory that focuses on studying “the similarities in humanity’s social and historical evolution, which means harmony in the process of literary development” (Enani, 2005, p.

42).

This study also adopts some theoretical and analytical approaches of Russian Formalism that focuses on studying the linguistic aspects of the literary texts.

Russian Formalism studies texts through “structures, imagery, syntax, rhyme scheme, paradox, personification and other literary devices” (Bressler, 2011, p.

49).

This study focuses on analyzing linguistic aspects used by Wordsworth and Al-Bohtory.

This includes comparing some literary devices, such as metaphors, similes, personifications, symbols, and patterns.

The significance of the study lies in its purpose to introduce a comparison between two different poets whose cultural backgrounds, languages, traditions and societies are different.

These two poets bestow the same subject with some competing claims of representing nature through poetry.

The samples of the study are Wordsworth’s “Lines Written in Early Spring”, “Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey, On Revisiting the Banks of the Wye during a Tour.

July 13, 1798”,“The Horse”, “Elegiac Stanzas Suggested by a Picture of Peele Castle in a Storm, Painted by Sir George Beaumont”,— I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud”, “A Spring Morning” and “The World is Too Much with us” poems.

Also, the study examines the depiction of nature in Al-Bohtory’s "وصف الربيع"(A Description of Spring), "الخيل" (The Horse), "وصف قصر المتوكل" (A Description of Al-Mutawakel’s Castle), "العيش في ليل داريا" (Living in Darya’s Night), "السحابة"(The Cloud), "الجودة"(The Foal), "البركة"(The Pool), "ان السماء اذا لم تبك مقلتها"(lf the Sky Doesn’t Cry), and "المتوكلية"(Al-Mutawakiliah) poems.

While Romanticism refers to “literature depicting emotional matter in an imaginative form” (Schelegel ,2017, P.

2).

Wordsworth sees nature as the perfect place for tranquility and pleasure.

He considers man and nature as essentially adapted to each other, and the mind of man as naturally the mirror of depicting nature.

He presents nature as the source of the man’s pleasure and perfectness, “the pleasure which I have proposed to myself to impart is of a kind very different from that which is supposed by many persons to be the proper object of poetry” (Wordsworth, 1802, p.3).

Wordsworth states that this pleasure comes from the human’s interaction with nature in its fascinating images of Spring, flowers, clouds, horses, rivers, castles, seas, gardens, and animals generally.

Al-Bohtory also presents nature as a place of pleasure and peace; he accentuates the profound relationship between nature and man, and how nature is admired by humans in its beautiful views.

He explains that the beautiful images of nature affect the human’s mind and soul.

Al-Bohtory portrays most of his poems in marvelous images of nature, such as Spring, horses, clouds, rivers, animals, castles, seas, and flowers.

These two poets seek to glorify nature and its magnificent impact on humans’ life and pleasure.

Main Subjects

Literature

No. of Pages

64

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

Chapter One : Background of the study and literature review.

Chapter Two : Al-Bohtory’s and Wordsworth’s poetical ground.

Chapter Three : A comparison between Wordsworth’s and al-Bohtory’s poetry.

Chapter Four : Conclusion and recommendations.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Abu Hammam, Imad Abd Allah Hammam. (2021). The representation of nature in Wordsworth’s and al-Bohtory’s poetry : a comparative study of selected poems. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1332227

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Abu Hammam, Imad Abd Allah Hammam. The representation of nature in Wordsworth’s and al-Bohtory’s poetry : a comparative study of selected poems. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University. (2021).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1332227

American Medical Association (AMA)

Abu Hammam, Imad Abd Allah Hammam. (2021). The representation of nature in Wordsworth’s and al-Bohtory’s poetry : a comparative study of selected poems. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1332227

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-1332227