Coagulation enhancement of al-Ghabawi landfill leachate using seeds of Moringa Oleifera

Other Title(s)

تحسين عملية التخثر لعصارة مكب الغباوي باستخدام بذور المورينجا أوليفيرا

Dissertant

al-Tarawinah, Shirin Nayif Ali

Thesis advisor

al-Hamayidah, Husam Damin Nayif
al-Jamrah, Ahmad Izzat

University

Mutah University

Faculty

Faculty of Engineering

Department

Civil Engineering Department

University Country

Jordan

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2021

English Abstract

Municipal solid waste management is one of the challenges facing Jordan, including landfill leachate.

As this leachate is not treated, the process is limited to collecting it in open ponds in which it is evaporated, and this method is not environmentally acceptable.

Al-Ghabawi landfill is the only sanitary landfill in Jordan and the largest landfill that receives waste from many regions, so it was chosen for this study.

This thesis dealt with conducting coagulation experiments for the leachate of Al-Ghabawi landfill by using alum and Moringa seeds as coagulants.

These experiments were conducted in several stages, the first stage by adding a same amount of alum to find the optimum pH that achieved the best removal of turbidity.

The next stage was by adding different doses of alum was at the optimum pH, then the best dose of alum was determined.

After that the coagulation process was performed by adding different doses of Moringa seeds with the optimum dose of alum at the optimum pH, then the best dose of Moringa seeds was determined.

Finally the experiment was carried out using Moringa seeds alone, as a natural coagulant at optimum pH and determining the best doses of Moringa seeds.

The results showed that the best removal of turbidity was at a pH of 5.5.

The use of Moringa seeds and alum together in the coagulation process showed the best results on the removal of turbidity was 43-75% , removal suspended solids, dissolved solids and electrical conductivity were 33- 41%, 10-17% and 78-79% respectively.

On the other hand the removal of iron, lead, manganese, chromium and cobalt were 89-93%, 38-42%, 73% and 70-76% respectively.

This indicates that the coagulation process was improved by using Moringa oleifera seeds.

It was found that Moringa seeds gave the best removal of the COD and BOD were88-91% and 80-85% respectively.

Where the Moringa oleifera seeds dose alone as a coagulant is a better option than using alum dose to increased the removal efficiency of COD and BOD.

Main Subjects

Civil Engineering

No. of Pages

79

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

Chapter One : Introduction and literature review.

Chapter Two : Research methodology.

Chapter Three : Results and discussion.

Chapter Four : Conclusions and recommendations.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Tarawinah, Shirin Nayif Ali. (2021). Coagulation enhancement of al-Ghabawi landfill leachate using seeds of Moringa Oleifera. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1341745

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Tarawinah, Shirin Nayif Ali. Coagulation enhancement of al-Ghabawi landfill leachate using seeds of Moringa Oleifera. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University. (2021).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1341745

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Tarawinah, Shirin Nayif Ali. (2021). Coagulation enhancement of al-Ghabawi landfill leachate using seeds of Moringa Oleifera. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Mutah University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1341745

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-1341745