Phytochemical analysis and antiulcer activity of crepis sancta aerial parts growing in Jordan

Other Title(s)

تحليل فيتوكيميئي للأجزاء الهوائية لنبات الصغيرة التي تنمو في الأردن و دراسة تأثيرها المضاد لقرحة المعدة

Dissertant

al-Jawabirah, Nariman Ata Allah

Thesis advisor

Ubadah, Sharif Sad
al-Disi, Ahmad

University

Isra University

Faculty

Faculty of Pharmacy

University Country

Jordan

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2019

English Abstract

Background: The genus of Crepis (Asteraceae) is well documented for its flavonoid and phenolic content, phenolic compounds are well studied to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

Bioactivity-guided investigation of the acetonemethanol fraction of Crepis sancta aerial parts collected off Basira region, Al-Tafilah, South Jordan and in this study was evaluated for its phytochemical components and its anti-ulcer activity.

Material and Method: Phytochemical investigation was done using TLC, VLC, Column chromatography, Preparative HPLC, Analytical HPLC, ESI-MS, LCMS, HR-MS and NMR.

The total acetone methanol fraction was assessed in vivo at three different doses (150, 300 and 600 mg/kg) for its antiulcer activity against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in three groups of albino rats compared to omeprazole at a dose of 20 mg/kg as a standard proton pump inhibitor antiulcer drug.

Results: Two eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids identified as 3-oxo-γ-costic acid (1) and its methyl ester (2) in addition to six different methoxylated flavonols (3-8) were identified as the extract’s major components.

The in vivo study revealed that the tested extract, at the middle and the highest doses, featured comparable or even superior activities as deduced from histopathological examination to those effects exhibited by omeprazole in particular for reducing inflammatory cell infiltration and ceasing the mucosal haemorrhage.

Conclusion: The tested extract revealed a dose-dependent reduction in the volume and titrable acidity of the gastric juice together with a dose-dependent increase in the protective gastric mucin content which may explain the noticeable gastroprotective effect.

Main Topic

Pharmacology

Topics

No. of Pages

94

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

[Chapter One] : Introduction.

[Chapter Two] : Literature review.

[Chapter Three] : Materials and methods.

[Chapter Four] : Results.

[Chapter Five] : Discussion.

[Chapter Six] : Conclusion.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

al-Jawabirah, Nariman Ata Allah. (2019). Phytochemical analysis and antiulcer activity of crepis sancta aerial parts growing in Jordan. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Isra University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-890010

Modern Language Association (MLA)

al-Jawabirah, Nariman Ata Allah. Phytochemical analysis and antiulcer activity of crepis sancta aerial parts growing in Jordan. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Isra University. (2019).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-890010

American Medical Association (AMA)

al-Jawabirah, Nariman Ata Allah. (2019). Phytochemical analysis and antiulcer activity of crepis sancta aerial parts growing in Jordan. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Isra University, Jordan
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-890010

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-890010