The role of the international and nongovernmental organizations in the recovery of the education sector after the Israeli aggression (2014)‎ on the Gaza Strip : case study : higher education institutions

Other Title(s)

دور المنظمات الدولية غير الحكومية في تحقيق التعافي لقطاع التعليم بعد العدوان الإسرائيلي عام 2014 م على قطاع غزة : دراسة حالة : مؤسسات التعليم العالي

Dissertant

Muhammad, Khaldun Khalid Muhammad

Thesis advisor

al-Najjar, Husam Muhammad

University

Islamic University

Faculty

Faculty of Science

University Country

Palestine (Gaza Strip)

Degree

Master

Degree Date

2019

English Abstract

The Gaza Strip witnessed a destructive Israeli aggression in the summer of 2014, which continued for 51 consecutive days without interruption, paralyzing all aspects of social and economic life.

Thousands of Palestinians were killed and thousands were forced to flee their homes.

At the same time, Higher Education Institutions have been subjected to extensive destruction of many educational buildings and facilities, which have led to the disruption of the educational process and a significant decline in the performance of these institutions and the quality of educational services.

The purpose of this study is to assess the role of INGOs in the reconstruction of HEIs and to strengthen their steadfastness after the disaster of the Israeli aggression.

As well as to uncover the nature and extent of the great destruction caused to the HEIs by the Israeli aggression, In addition to identify the most important obstacles that prevented the operations of reconstruction and rehabilitation.

In this study, the researcher used the exploratory approach to study the research problem.

The data about the assessment of losses and reconstruction needs were reviewed through international reports and matched with the available data in the departments of the HEIs.

Eight representatives of INGOs that had clear interventions in HEIs were interviewed, in addition to fourteen officials in HEIs.

A focus group was also held with representatives of HEIs, senior officials of the MOEHE and the representative of the Education cluster in Gaza.

The results of the study showed that 12 of the 28 HEIs were severely damaged by the direct shelling, which is often intended.

The losses amounted to $ 16,088,597, accounting for 42% of the total losses of the education sector, 94.7% of these losses are found in the largest HEIs that serve the largest segment of students.

At the same time, these institutions were not at the least ready to deal with the disaster they faced, as there were no emergency plans during their three phases.

Although the cost of reconstruction and recovery was greater than the assessment of losses.

The study points to the most important obstacles that prevented the reconstruction process, like the inability of these institutions to assess their damage and needs.

Moreover, HEIs were not a priority for INGOs other than the basic education sector, which have prevented the provision of support to many of these institutions.

Despite the importance of interventions and support from INGOs in some HEIs, the value of funding for reconstruction projects did not exceed $ 11,186,000, accounting for 70% of the losses incurred by HEIs.

A general framework for recovery and reconstruction of HEIs, including all relevant parties, has been formulated and their specific roles and responsibilities clarified.

The study recommends exposing the crimes of the Israeli occupation against the HEIs and exploiting the media machine for this purpose effectively.

It is also necessary to build the capacity of the staff in HEIs in the field of emergency planning and the techniques of the assessment of damage and recovery needs, to take advantage of the support provided by donors and to turn the disaster into a real opportunity for development.

From a strategic perspective, the MOEHE should allocate budgets to support HEIs and its students, which should be included in the strategic plans as well as the concept of participatory planning to strengthen the resilience of HEIs to face the future crises.

With regard to INGOs, they should put HEIs on top of its priorities to support them and strengthen their steadfastness through development projects in all circumstances, especially in times of crisis

Main Topic

Education
Sociology

Topics

No. of Pages

110

Table of Contents

Table of contents.

Abstract.

Abstract in Arabic.

Chapter One : Introduction.

Chapter Two : Study area and methodology.

Chapter Three : Literature review.

Chapter Four : Results and discussion.

Chapter Five : Conclusions and recommendations.

References.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Muhammad, Khaldun Khalid Muhammad. (2019). The role of the international and nongovernmental organizations in the recovery of the education sector after the Israeli aggression (2014) on the Gaza Strip : case study : higher education institutions. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University, Palestine (Gaza Strip)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-901147

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Muhammad, Khaldun Khalid Muhammad. The role of the international and nongovernmental organizations in the recovery of the education sector after the Israeli aggression (2014) on the Gaza Strip : case study : higher education institutions. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University. (2019).
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-901147

American Medical Association (AMA)

Muhammad, Khaldun Khalid Muhammad. (2019). The role of the international and nongovernmental organizations in the recovery of the education sector after the Israeli aggression (2014) on the Gaza Strip : case study : higher education institutions. (Master's theses Theses and Dissertations Master). Islamic University, Palestine (Gaza Strip)
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-901147

Language

English

Data Type

Arab Theses

Record ID

BIM-901147