Analysis of the protective mechanism of liraglutide on retinopathy based on diabetic mouse model
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In order to study the protection mechanism of liraglutide on the infectious lesion of the retina of type I diabetes, in this experiment, a mouse model of type I diabetes was established by induction with streptozotocin (STZ) and feeding with high-fat and high-sugar diet.
After observing the living conditions of the modeled mice and detecting their fasting blood glucose (FBG), it was found that the modeled mice exhibited clinically similar symptoms in patients with type I diabetes, and their FBG was larger than 16.7 mmol/L, indicating that the experimental mouse model was obtained.
The mice were divided into groups.
The control group was divided into negative control group (A), light positive control group (B), diabetic control group (C), and diabetes care group (D) according to different treatment methods, and the experimental group was divided into treatment group 1 (LR1), treatment group 2 (LR2) and treatment group 3 (LR3) according to different injection doses.
The eyes of mice in each group were extracted and retinal tissue sections were made, and the sections were stained with HE.
The retinal morphology was observed and it was found that compared with group A, the outer nucleus layer was significantly thinner in group B and C, and the group D was the thinnest.
After treatment with liraglutide, the outer nuclear layer of LR1 group and LR2 group LR3 group recovered significantly, indicating that liraglutide had protective effect on type I diabetes and light-induced damage of mouse retinal photoreceptor cells.
Immunohistochemistry was used to detect p-Erk1/2 and ASK1 protein contents in retina.
It was found that compared with the negative control group and the light control group, p-Erk1/2 protein contents in LR1, LR2 and LR3 groups were significantly increased, showing statistical significance.
Compared with the negative control group and the light control group, ASK1 protein content in LR1, LR2 and LR3 groups significantly decreased.
This suggested that the protective mechanism of liraglutide on retinopathy was related to up-regulation of antioxidant protein p-Erk1/2 and down-regulation of apoptosis-related protein ASK1, that is to say, the action site of liraglutide may be related to this.
Through real-time quantitative detection of the Trx gene expression level in diabetic and photodamaged mice, it was found that compared with the diabetic light group, the Trx expression level in mice treated with liraglutide showed a significant up-regulated trend, suggesting that the protective mechanism of liraglutide on retinopathy was related to the up-regulated expression of antioxidant protein Trx.
Therefore, liraglutide has a certain protective effect on diabetic retinal injury, and its mechanism is related to the up-regulation of p-Erk1/2 and Trx antioxidant protein, and the down-regulation of apoptosis-related protein ASK1.
American Psychological Association (APA)
Wu, Lingling& Gao, Lijuan& Cao, Yaohui& Chen, Fengju& Sun, Ting& Liu, Yahong. 2019. Analysis of the protective mechanism of liraglutide on retinopathy based on diabetic mouse model. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences،Vol. 26, no. 8, pp.2096-2101.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Wu, Lingling…[et al.]. Analysis of the protective mechanism of liraglutide on retinopathy based on diabetic mouse model. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences Vol. 26, no. 8 (Dec. 2019), pp.2096-2101.
American Medical Association (AMA)
Wu, Lingling& Gao, Lijuan& Cao, Yaohui& Chen, Fengju& Sun, Ting& Liu, Yahong. Analysis of the protective mechanism of liraglutide on retinopathy based on diabetic mouse model. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2019. Vol. 26, no. 8, pp.2096-2101.
Includes bibliographical references : p. 2101
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