Journal club as a tool to facilitate evidence based practice in critical care
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Background: A journal club is a forum to debate and review clinical practice using a number of models to gauge the strength of evidence associated with the clinical practice.
A large body of evidence supports the importance of journal clubs as a method to improve patient outcome by enhancing the implementation of evidence-based practice and professional development in the clinical setting 1–3 .
Journal club activities have been recommended by the Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) Critical Care Nursing Network (CCNN), Qatar, and started in the critical care areas of Hamad General Hospital for different critical care specialties such as trauma, surgical, and medical ICUs since 2014.
Methods: The journal club is a 1-hour monthly critical care educational activity for HMC critical care nurses.
A flyer promoting the article to be discussed is shared with the critical care nurses one week prior to the scheduled date and each session is attended by 15–20 nurses.
Participants gain continuing professional development (CPD) credits for each session they attend.
The articles discussed cover patient safety and critical care clinical practices.
A structured review of the selected articles is facilitated by an expert educator with a research background.
The strength of the evidence to change current clinical practice will be evaluated in a group discussion format (Table 1).
At the end of each journal club activity, the facilitator summarizes the learning points, recommendations, and the action plan if the group believes changes to current clinical practice are recommended 3 .
Results: Around 50 journal clubs have been conducted in the critical care units of HMC with a total attendance of 1100 nurses.
The journal club activity encouraged critical care nurses to establish the first nursing clinical research team in critical care areas of HMC (Table 2).
Additionally, it had a positive impact on improving the professional development and competency level of the critical care nurses which were assessed and evaluated by HMC critical care competency assessors through applying the specialty critical care competency checklist.
Finally, implementation of the journal club activity and reviewing best available evidence and research literature led to improvements in clinical practice (Table 3).
Conclusion: Implementation of the journal club activity helped in developing critical care nurses’ awareness on current research studies and best available evidence, in addition to keeping them up-to-date with new findings, practices, and critical care trends.
The journal club with its structured review questions has proven to be an effective way of evaluating the strengths of the evidence presented in the reviewed articles and sometimes led to changing our critical care clinical practice.
It also contributes to improving nurses’ ability to critically appraise research articles.
Furthermore, it promotes the implementation of new knowledge gained in clinical practice which is expected to improve patient safety and outcomes.
American Psychological Association (APA)
al-Mumani, Imad& al-Raush, Tawfiq& Sadah, Umar I.& al-Nusur, Ahmad& Kamble, Megha& Mustafa, Imad…[et al.]. 2019-12-31. Journal club as a tool to facilitate evidence based practice in critical care. Conference Qatar Critical Care (1st : 2019 : Doha, Qatar). . No. 2 (Special issue) (2019), pp.1-4.Doha Qatar : Hamad Medical Corporation.
Modern Language Association (MLA)
Sadah, Umar I.…[et al.]. Journal club as a tool to facilitate evidence based practice in critical care. . Doha Qatar : Hamad Medical Corporation. 2019-12-31.
American Medical Association (AMA)
al-Mumani, Imad& al-Raush, Tawfiq& Sadah, Umar I.& al-Nusur, Ahmad& Kamble, Megha& Mustafa, Imad…[et al.]. Journal club as a tool to facilitate evidence based practice in critical care. . Conference Qatar Critical Care (1st : 2019 : Doha, Qatar).
Arab Citation & Impact Factor "Arcif"
Largest Arabic Database of Citations Analysis for the Arabic Scholarly Journals Issued in Arab World.