Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to hiv stigma and discrimination among healthcare workers in Oman

Other Title(s)

المعرفة و المواقف و الممارسات المرتبطة بوصمة الإصابة بفيروس الأيدز HIV و التمييز لدى العاملين في مجال الرعاية الصحية بعمان

Joint Authors

Amin, Muhammad
al-Abri, Sayf Salim
al-Wahaibi, Adil
al-Jalib, Ali
Raju, Prasanna
Shah, Samir
al-Fori, Maha
Al-Skaiti, Mahmud
al-Mashani, Huda Nasib
Duthade, Kishor
Umar, Iyad
Muqayyat Allah, Muhammad
Mitra, Nilanjan
Shah, Parag
Morcos, Isam
Vaidya, Vidyanand
al-Habsi, Zayanah
al-Ubaidani, Idris

Source

Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

Issue

Vol. 20, Issue 1 (29 Feb. 2020), pp.29-36, 8 p.

Publisher

Sultan Qaboos University College of Medicine and Health Sciences

Publication Date

2020-02-29

Country of Publication

Oman

No. of Pages

8

Main Topic

Diseases

Abstract EN

Stigma and discrimination undermine the quality of life of people with HIV and their access to health services.

This study aimed to assess HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Oman.

Methods: This cross-sectional study took place between July and November 2016.

A questionnaire was distributed to 1,400 government HCWs to determine HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices.

Results: A total of 1,281 HCWs participated (response rate = 92%).

Routine tasks, such as dressing wounds, drawing blood and touching clothes, were a cause of concern for 24–52% of HCWs.

Only 69% correctly answered questions regarding the transmission of HIV via eating/drinking and mosquito bites.

Compared to other HCWs, doctors had significantly higher knowledge (mean = 0.46, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.19 to 0.73; P <0.001), attitude (mean = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.31 to 1.24; P = 0.001) and practice (mean = 2.07, 95% CI: 1.59 to 2.55; P <0.001) scores.

Expatriates also scored significantly higher in knowledge (mean = 1.08, 95% CI: 0.93 to 1.23; P <0.001), attitude (mean = 1.23, 95% CI: 0.98 to 1.48; P <0.001) and practice (mean = 1.08, 95% CI: 0.82 to 1.34; P <0.001) compared to Omani nationals.

Finally, those with >15 years’ work experience scored significantly higher on knowledge (mean = −0.60, 95% CI: −1.12 to −0.08; P = 0.025) and attitude (mean = −0.99, 95% CI: −1.87 to −0.10; P = 0.029) compared to those with less experience.

Conclusion: The high rate of HIV-related stigma among HCWs in Oman should be rectified in order to achieve the 90-90-90 target set by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Shah, Samir& al-Jalib, Ali& al-Wahaibi, Adil& al-Fori, Maha& Raju, Prasanna& Shah, Parag…[et al.]. 2020. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to hiv stigma and discrimination among healthcare workers in Oman. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal،Vol. 20, no. 1, pp.29-36.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957253

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Shah, Samir…[et al.]. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to hiv stigma and discrimination among healthcare workers in Oman. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal Vol. 20, no. 1 (Feb. 2020), pp.29-36.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957253

American Medical Association (AMA)

Shah, Samir& al-Jalib, Ali& al-Wahaibi, Adil& al-Fori, Maha& Raju, Prasanna& Shah, Parag…[et al.]. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to hiv stigma and discrimination among healthcare workers in Oman. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2020. Vol. 20, no. 1, pp.29-36.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957253

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p.35-36

Record ID

BIM-957253