Prevalence of the most frequent risk factors in Iraqi patients with acute myocardial infarction

Joint Authors

Jalal, Dlovan Mustafa Fatih
Yusuf, Salah Hassan
Hafiz, Ahmad Himdad
Baban, Zana Tharwat
Amin, Shwan Uthman
Baban, Soza Tharwat

Source

Medical Journal of Babylon

Issue

Vol. 17, Issue 1 (31 Mar. 2020), pp.6-18, 13 p.

Publisher

University of Babylon College of Medicine

Publication Date

2020-03-31

Country of Publication

Iraq

No. of Pages

13

Main Topic

Diseases
Medicine

Topics

Abstract EN

Background : Coronary artery disease (CAD) and its major manifestation of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are the most common causes of mortality and disability worldwide.

Objectives : The major aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of the most frequent risk factors for AMI in Iraqi patients, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking, family history, insufficient physical activity, obesity, and abnormal coronary artery characteristics.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 74 patients presented with AMI(51 males and 23 female) were enrolled.

Laboratory investigations were carried out using enzymatic immunoassay technique.

Results : The mean age was 55.

5 ± 12.

47 years, with an age range of 20–90 years.

The incidence of AMI in male patients was significantly higher than thatin female patients.

Major findings showed that 85.

1% of AMI patients were insufficiently physically active and 74.

3% were hypertensive.

High level of low‑density lipoprotein was seen in 50% of patients, high triglycerides in 41.

9%, low high‑density lipoprotein in 39.

2%, and high total cholesterol in 34%.

Nearly 39.

2% were smokers, 35.

1% were obese, and 29.

7% were diabetic.

Interestingly, 51.

4% of the AMI patients had a positive family history of CAD.

The left anterior descending artery was the most common vessel involved during AMI.

Conclusions: The findings of this study conclude that AMI occurs in older age and in male gender among Iraqi population, and ST elevation MI is the main presentation.

Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking are the major risk factors.

This study shed light on the primary prevention and control of these cardiovascular risk factors for CAD through healthy lifestyle, increased physical activity, and healthy dietary choices, which can reduce the prevalence of CAD.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Amin, Shwan Uthman& Baban, Soza Tharwat& Yusuf, Salah Hassan& Hafiz, Ahmad Himdad& Baban, Zana Tharwat& Jalal, Dlovan Mustafa Fatih. 2020. Prevalence of the most frequent risk factors in Iraqi patients with acute myocardial infarction. Medical Journal of Babylon،Vol. 17, no. 1, pp.6-18.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-972625

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Amin, Shwan Uthman…[et al.]. Prevalence of the most frequent risk factors in Iraqi patients with acute myocardial infarction. Medical Journal of Babylon Vol. 17, no. 1 (Jan. / Mar. 2020), pp.6-18.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-972625

American Medical Association (AMA)

Amin, Shwan Uthman& Baban, Soza Tharwat& Yusuf, Salah Hassan& Hafiz, Ahmad Himdad& Baban, Zana Tharwat& Jalal, Dlovan Mustafa Fatih. Prevalence of the most frequent risk factors in Iraqi patients with acute myocardial infarction. Medical Journal of Babylon. 2020. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp.6-18.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-972625

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 18

Record ID

BIM-972625