HIV-Positive Status Disclosure and Associated Factors among HIV-Positive Adult Patients Attending Art Clinics at Public Health Facilities of Butajira Town, Southern Ethiopia

Joint Authors

Melis Berhe, Tamirat
Lemma, Lire
Alemayehu, Addissu
Ajema, Desalegn
Glagn, Mustefa
Dessu, Samuel

Source

AIDS Research and Treatment

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-7, 7 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-11-06

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

7

Main Topic

Diseases
Medicine

Abstract EN

Human immunodeficiency virus-positive status disclosure is the process of informing one’s HIV-positive status to others.

It is the base for accessing care and treatment programs, attaining psychosocial support, reducing stigma, adhering to treatment, and promoting safer health.

Even though different strategies were done in Ethiopia to increase the magnitude of HIV status disclosure among HIV-positive patients, the magnitude is still low.

The magnitude of HIV-positive status disclosure was not assessed yet after initiation of the new strategy (test and treat strategy).

The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude and factors associated with HIV-positive status disclosure among HIV-positive adults attending antiretroviral therapy clinic at the public health facilities of Butajira town.

Methods.

Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted at public health facilities of Butajira town.

A total of 414 study participants were selected by systematic random sampling technique.

Data were collected by using pretested interviewer-administered semistructured questionnaire.

The collected data were entered into EpiData3.1 and exported to SPSS version 23.

Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with HIV-positive status disclosure.

The strength of association was assessed by crude odds ratio and adjusted odds ratio for bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis, respectively.

Statistically significance was declared at p value <0.05 and 95% CI.

Results.

The magnitude of HIV-positive status disclosure was 90%.

Discussing about safer sex (AOR: 3.5; 95% CI: 1.3, 9.4), viral load suppression (AOR: 4; 95% CI: 1.5, 10.1), having good ART adherence (AOR: 6; 95% CI: 2.4, 14.0), receiving counseling (AOR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.01, 6.3), and perceiving stigma (AOR: 0.25; 95% CI: 0.09, 0.60) were the independent factors associated with HIV-positive status disclosure.

Conclusion.

Although the majority of the participants (90%) of them disclosed their HIV-positive status, lack of disclosure by few people can tackle HIV prevention and control programs.

Health programs could improve disclosure of HIV-positive status by providing counseling service, strengthening adherence of antiretroviral therapy, suppressing viral load, and avoiding (reducing) stigma on HIV-positive patients by their community.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Melis Berhe, Tamirat& Lemma, Lire& Alemayehu, Addissu& Ajema, Desalegn& Glagn, Mustefa& Dessu, Samuel. 2020. HIV-Positive Status Disclosure and Associated Factors among HIV-Positive Adult Patients Attending Art Clinics at Public Health Facilities of Butajira Town, Southern Ethiopia. AIDS Research and Treatment،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-986234

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Melis Berhe, Tamirat…[et al.]. HIV-Positive Status Disclosure and Associated Factors among HIV-Positive Adult Patients Attending Art Clinics at Public Health Facilities of Butajira Town, Southern Ethiopia. AIDS Research and Treatment No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-986234

American Medical Association (AMA)

Melis Berhe, Tamirat& Lemma, Lire& Alemayehu, Addissu& Ajema, Desalegn& Glagn, Mustefa& Dessu, Samuel. HIV-Positive Status Disclosure and Associated Factors among HIV-Positive Adult Patients Attending Art Clinics at Public Health Facilities of Butajira Town, Southern Ethiopia. AIDS Research and Treatment. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-7.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-986234

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-986234