Nutritional Recovery and Its Predictors among Adult HIV Patients on Therapeutic Feeding Program at Finote-Selam General Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Joint Authors

Diress, Gedefaw
Abebe, Nurlilign

Source

AIDS Research and Treatment

Issue

Vol. 2020, Issue 2020 (31 Dec. 2020), pp.1-6, 6 p.

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Publication Date

2020-12-28

Country of Publication

Egypt

No. of Pages

6

Main Topic

Diseases
Medicine

Abstract EN

Undernutrition is a major public health problem in HIV patients in sub-Saharan Africa.

To address the problem of malnutrition, the Ethiopian Ministry of Health implemented a therapeutic feeding program, which is the provision of nutritional treatment, care, and support for undernourished individuals.

However, little is known about the outcome of a therapeutic feeding program.

Therefore, this study aimed to assess nutritional recovery and its predictors among undernourished HIV patients enrolled in a therapeutic feeding program in Northwest Ethiopia.

Methods.

An institutional-based retrospective cohort study was conducted among 376 randomly selected adult undernourished HIV patients enrolled in the therapeutic feeding program from July 2010 to January 2017 at Finote-Selam General Hospital.

Data were collected by reviewing patients’ charts, follow-up cards, and undernutrition treatment registration books using a pretested structured checklist.

The main outcome variable was nutritional recovery, defined based on body mass index.

Bivariable and multivariable log-binomial regression models were used to identify the predictors of nutritional recovery.

Result.

From total undernourished HIV patients enrolled in the therapeutic feeding program, 61.2% were recovered with a median recovery time of 12 weeks (IQR 9–17 weeks) for moderate acute malnutrition and 25 weeks (IQR 22–31 weeks) for severe acute malnutrition.

Rural residence (adjusted risk ratio (ARR) = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.27–0.85), no formal education (ARR = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.13–0.54), poor ART adherence level (ARR = 0.14, 95% CI; 0.08–0.32), and WHO clinical stage III or IV (ARR = 0.38, 95% CI; 0.17–0.59) decrease the probability of nutritional recovery.

Conclusion.

Nutritional supplementation plays a critical role in the nutritional care and treatment of malnourished patients.

Healthcare providers should give more attention to persons with poor adherence levels, advanced WHO clinical stage, rural residence, and low educational status.

Future prospective follow-up studies should be performed to assess important variables such as family income, food sharing at the household level, and distance to health institutions.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Diress, Gedefaw& Abebe, Nurlilign. 2020. Nutritional Recovery and Its Predictors among Adult HIV Patients on Therapeutic Feeding Program at Finote-Selam General Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Cohort Study. AIDS Research and Treatment،Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-6.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-986240

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Diress, Gedefaw& Abebe, Nurlilign. Nutritional Recovery and Its Predictors among Adult HIV Patients on Therapeutic Feeding Program at Finote-Selam General Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Cohort Study. AIDS Research and Treatment No. 2020 (2020), pp.1-6.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-986240

American Medical Association (AMA)

Diress, Gedefaw& Abebe, Nurlilign. Nutritional Recovery and Its Predictors among Adult HIV Patients on Therapeutic Feeding Program at Finote-Selam General Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Cohort Study. AIDS Research and Treatment. 2020. Vol. 2020, no. 2020, pp.1-6.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-986240

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references

Record ID

BIM-986240