Association between bioactive molecules in breast milk and type 1 diabetes mellitus

Other Title(s)

العلاقة بين الجزيئات النشطة بيولوجيًا في حليب الثدي و داء السكري من النوع الأول

Joint Authors

Yahya, Taj al-Din O.
Shemishere, Ufuoma

Source

Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

Issue

Vol. 20, Issue 1 (29 Feb. 2020), pp.5-12, 8 p.

Publisher

Sultan Qaboos University College of Medicine and Health Sciences

Publication Date

2020-02-29

Country of Publication

Oman

No. of Pages

8

Main Topic

Diseases

Abstract EN

The association between breastfeeding and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is controversial.

However, several recent studies have established a link between these two factors, necessitating a need to review this subject to raise public awareness.

Current research indicates that breast milk contains a variety of bioactive substances including immunoglobulins, oligosaccharides, insulin, lactoferrin, lysozyme, cytokines, epidermal growth factors, leukocytes, nucleotides, beneficial bacteria and vitamins.

Such substances strengthen the breastfeeding infant’s immune system, both directly, by increasing gut microbiota diversity and attacking harmful bacteria and proinflammatory molecules, and indirectly, by increasing thymus performance.

Accordingly, a lack of or inadequate breastfeeding may predispose infants to several autoimmune disorders, including T1DM.

Nursing mothers and caregivers are therefore advised to follow optimal breastfeeding practices prior to introducing complementary foods.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Yahya, Taj al-Din O.& Shemishere, Ufuoma. 2020. Association between bioactive molecules in breast milk and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal،Vol. 20, no. 1, pp.5-12.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957293

Modern Language Association (MLA)

Yahya, Taj al-Din O.& Shemishere, Ufuoma. Association between bioactive molecules in breast milk and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal Vol. 20, no. 1 (Feb. 2020), pp.5-12.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957293

American Medical Association (AMA)

Yahya, Taj al-Din O.& Shemishere, Ufuoma. Association between bioactive molecules in breast milk and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2020. Vol. 20, no. 1, pp.5-12.
https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-957293

Data Type

Journal Articles

Language

English

Notes

Includes bibliographical references : p. 9-12

Record ID

BIM-957293